Tylose powder is a binding and hardening agent used in a variety of baking applications, such as fondant icing, gum paste and sugar figurines. It is also found in many different foods as a thickener and stabilizer. It is both gluten free and vegan.
What Is Tylose Powder Made Of?
Tylose powder is a synthetic version of Gum Tragacanth, which is a naturally occurring gum derived from the sap from several Middle Eastern plants. It is also sold under its chemical name CMC.
Tylose powder is made of purified and processed cellulose, which makes up the cell walls of plants, and is not digested or absorbed by the body.
Because it is man-made, it tends to be cheaper, more consistent, and more widely available than Gum Tragacanth.
What Is Tylose Powder Used For: The Most Common Tylose Powder Uses
Tylose powder is most commonly used in decorative baking applications. Common Tylose powder uses include making homemade gum paste or flower paste, as well as edible glue and paint.
It can also be added to store-bought fondant to make it harden. This makes it a lot easier to shape cake decoration and modelling sugar figurines, as they tend to droop and lose shape easily.
This also allows you to prepare decorations a few days in advance, as opposed to right before serving, as your sugar crafts will now hold their shape after hardening.
How To Use Tylose Powder In Your Baking
The way you use Tylose will depend on what you’re trying to make from it. We will cover some of the most common uses here:
How To Use Tylose Powder In Fondant
To use Tylose powder in fondant as a hardening agent, slowly add small amounts of Tylose as you knead the fondant, starting with 1 teaspoon per 250 grams of fondant.
The exact amount of Tylose you need for fondant will depend on the humidity of your climate, and the more humid the air is, the more Tylose you will need.
The consistency of the mixture will slowly thicken as you knead it. Keep adding Tylose in a gradual manner until you reach your ideal firmness. If the mixture becomes too firm to work with, add more fondant back into the mix.
Remember: The Tylose powder will eventually cause fondant to harden completely when it sets, so start mixing them together only when you’re ready to shape it.
How To Make Gumpaste With Tylose Powder
To make gumpaste using Tylose powder, start by beating confectioner’s sugar into egg whites, using 1 cup of sugar per egg white. Do this until you see soft peaks forming.
Next, add in 3 teaspoons of Tylose per egg white, whisking quickly. The mixture will begin to thicken almost immediately.
From here, slowly add confectioner’s sugar into the mixture one tablespoon at a time, until the gumpaste is no longer sticky.
Finally, place the mixture in a ziplock bag or airtight container, and refridgerate it for 24 hours before use.
How To Make Edible Glue With Tylose Powder
Making edible glue with Tylose powder is very simple. Simply mix 1 teaspoon of Tylose with 8 tablespoons of warm water. Whisk this mixture until any powder clumps are broken up.
Refrigerate the glue overnight before using. You may adjust the consistency by adding more Tylose to thicken it, or thin it by adding water.
Making Edible Paint With Tylose Powder
To make edible paint, start by whisking Tylose into boiling water at a 1 to 4 ratio. Then slowly dilute the mixture with more boiling water until it reaches the consistency of a gel: Thick, but fluid.
Slowly whisk in food coloring one drop at a time one pinch at a time until you get the desired color. Next, do the same with dusting powder until you reach a desirable consistency.
What To Use As A Tylose Powder Substitute
If you can’t find it in the store, the best Tylose powder substitute to look for is CMC. In reality, Tylose is merely a namebrand for CMC, so the two products will be nearly identical.
However, you may notice the purity of the powder will be slightly different among various brands. Some bakers also recommend refrigerating CMC overnight before using it as a replacement for Tylose.
If neither are available, you can turn to Gum Tragacanth, which is the naturally occurring version of Tylose/CMC.
It works roughly the same way, but as it is not synthetically made, it will generally take a longer time to thicken or harden.
Because it comes from Middle Eastern plants, it can be significantly more expensive than Tylose or CMC. Some bakers also notice a faint taste and smell, which usually goes away when it is used in a recipe.
Alternatively, you could substitute Tylose using Gum-Tex, which may be more readily available than Gum Tragacanth. They are not chemically identical, however – Gum-Tex is made from Karaya gum, which comes from the sap of the Indian Stercuila tree.
Gum-Tex tends to have a stronger taste and smell than Gum Tragacanth. It is also weaker, meaning you will have to use a larger amount to get the desired effect.
If you are making gumpaste or mixing it with fondant with Gum-Tex, the end result will not be as hard regardless.
Alternatively, you can find substitutes specific for your usage. If you planned to make edible glue or paint using Tylose, there are ready-made edible glues and paints available. The same goes for gumpaste.
For making fondant harder, you could also try using cornstarch to help it dry out and harden.
Where To Buy Tylose Powder?
You may find Tylose powder in mainstream grocery stores and baking supply shops. Look in the aisles and sections where baking products are placed.
In any case, you can always order it online and get exactly what you want shipped to your doorstep.