Are you confused about the difference between besan gram flour and chickpea flour? You’re not alone! These two flours are often used interchangeably in recipes, but are they really the same thing?
In this article, we’ll explore the similarities and differences between besan gram flour and chickpea flour. We’ll also discuss the benefits of each flour and provide some tips on how to use them in your cooking.
So, whether you’re a seasoned cook or a beginner in the kitchen, read on to learn more about these versatile and delicious flours.
Is Besan Gram Flour The Same As Chickpea Flour?
Besan gram flour and chickpea flour are often used interchangeably in recipes, but they are not exactly the same thing. Besan gram flour is made from ground chana dal or split brown chickpeas, while chickpea flour is made from ground up white chickpeas.
While both flours have a similar flavor and behavior, there are enough differences that a substitution can sometimes mess up a recipe. Besan gram flour is finer and denser, while chickpea flour is a bit coarser and fluffier. Besan gram flour also requires less water to produce a batter with the same consistency.
It’s important to note that besan gram flour is commonly used in Indian cuisine, while chickpea flour is popular in Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, and other cuisines. Chickpea flour is also commonly used as a gluten-free substitute for wheat or all-purpose flour in many recipes.
What Is Besan Gram Flour?
Besan gram flour, also known as gram flour or besan, is a type of flour made from ground chana dal or split brown chickpeas. The flour has a slightly nutty taste and a dense, grainy texture. It is commonly used in Indian cuisine and is a staple ingredient in many dishes such as curries, fritters, and bread.
Besan gram flour is made by removing the outer layer of brown chickpeas and then grinding the split chickpeas into a fine powder. The resulting flour is finer and denser than chickpea flour, with a yellowish color. It is commonly used in Indian sweets such as ladoos and burfis, as well as savory dishes like pakoras and chillas.
One of the main differences between besan gram flour and chickpea flour is the type of chickpea used to make them. Besan gram flour is made from split brown chickpeas, while chickpea flour is made from ground up white chickpeas. The two flours have similar flavors but different textures and consistencies.
What Is Chickpea Flour?
Chickpea flour, also known as garbanzo flour or gram flour, is a powder made from ground white chickpeas. Chickpeas are versatile legumes with a mild, nutty taste, and chickpea flour is typically made from a variety called Bengal grams. This flour has recently grown in popularity across the world as a gluten-free alternative to wheat flour.
Chickpea flour is a great substitute for wheat or all-purpose flour in many recipes, and can also be used to thicken sauces or curries. It is commonly used in Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, and other cuisines. In India, it is often used in the batter to make pakoras. In southern France, it is used to make Socca.
Fresh chickpea flour can be easily made at home with a high-speed blender or a grain mill in just 10 minutes. It can also be very budget-friendly compared to buying organic flours from the store. Chickpea flour is naturally gluten-free and has a nutty taste, a grainy texture, and lots of fiber and protein.
It’s important to note that while besan gram flour and chickpea flour are similar, they are not interchangeable in all recipes due to their different textures and water requirements. As always, read the ingredient list before purchasing a product to ensure that no wheat, rye or barley has been added to the chickpea flour.
Nutritional Benefits Of Besan Gram Flour
Besan gram flour is a highly nutritious and versatile ingredient that offers numerous health benefits. It is an excellent source of protein, fiber, and iron, making it a great addition to any diet.
One of the primary benefits of besan gram flour is its high fiber content. Fiber is essential for maintaining good digestive health and can help regulate bowel movements. The soluble fiber in besan gram flour also helps lower cholesterol levels, which can reduce the risk of heart disease.
Besan gram flour is also an excellent source of protein, which is essential for building and repairing tissues in the body. It contains all nine essential amino acids, making it a complete protein source for vegetarians and vegans.
Iron is another important nutrient found in besan gram flour. Iron is essential for carrying oxygen around the body and maintaining energy levels. Anemia, or iron deficiency, is a common problem, particularly among women. Adding besan gram flour to your diet can help increase your iron intake and prevent anemia.
Besan gram flour also has a low glycemic index, which means it does not cause a rapid spike in blood sugar levels. This makes it an ideal ingredient for people with diabetes or anyone looking to manage their blood sugar levels.
Nutritional Benefits Of Chickpea Flour
Chickpea flour is a nutritious alternative to refined wheat flour. It is lower in carbs and calories but higher in protein and fiber, making it an excellent choice for people looking to maintain a healthy diet. Chickpea flour is also rich in essential nutrients like iron, calcium, potassium, and magnesium, which help manage blood sugar levels, promote heart and gut health, prevent neural tube defects, and aid in weight loss by providing a long-lasting feeling of fullness.
Research suggests that chickpea flour may have antioxidant potential and could decrease levels of the harmful compound acrylamide in processed foods. Additionally, chickpea flour is suitable for people with celiac disease, gluten intolerance, or wheat allergy as it is gluten-free.
One cup of chickpea flour contains 356 calories, 21 grams of protein, 6 grams of fat, and 53 grams of carbs, including 10 grams of fiber. Compared to all-purpose white flour and whole wheat flour, chickpea flour has more protein and fewer calories per cup. However, it has slightly less fiber than whole wheat flour.
Chickpea flour can be used as a substitute for regular flour in various recipes such as pizza crusts, bread, muffins, and cookies. Its naturally sweet and rich flavor makes it a delicious addition to your diet. You can find chickpea flour in stores or make it at home easily using a food processor.
How To Use Besan Gram Flour In Cooking
Besan gram flour is a versatile ingredient that can be used in a variety of sweet and savory dishes. Here are some ways to use besan gram flour in your cooking:
1. Make pakoras: Pakoras are a popular Indian snack made by dipping vegetables in a besan gram flour batter and deep-frying them. You can use any vegetable you like, such as onions, potatoes, or cauliflower.
2. Make chilla: Chilla is a savory Indian pancake made with besan gram flour and spices. You can add vegetables, herbs, or cheese to the batter for added flavor.
3. Use as a thickener: Besan gram flour can be used as a thickener for soups, stews, and curries. Simply mix it with water to form a paste and add it to your dish.
4. Make sweets: Besan gram flour is also used in many Indian sweets, such as ladoos and burfis. These sweets are made by cooking the flour with sugar, ghee (clarified butter), and flavorings like cardamom or saffron.
5. Use as a coating: Besan gram flour can be used as a coating for fried foods like chicken or fish. It gives the food a crispy texture and adds flavor.