They handed Jesus vinegar to drink mixed with gall as he was going to the cross, and when he tasted it, he refused to drink, according to Matthew (Matthew 27:34). The beverage, according to Mark, was wine mixed with myrrh (Mark 15:23). Jesus was given a cheap Roman vinegar wine that also included a medication designed to dull the senses. Roman custom dictated that a man being crucified be given narcotic wine to help him bear his cross. However, it appears that Jesus turned down the wine in order to endure His pain with composure.
I am thirsty, Jesus stated as He was about to die (John 19:28). Due to the loss of bodily fluids from open wounds and perspiration, one of the most noticeable symptoms of crucifixion was intense thirst. When I was thirsty, they gave me vinegar to drink, and they gave me gall for my meat, David predicted this Messianic occurrence (Psalm 69:21). John realized that Jesus was aware of fulfilling the Bible. Jesus then said, “I thirst,” realizing that all had been finished so that the scripture could be fulfilled (John 19:28). The notion that Jesus was not genuinely human was one of the major errors in the early church, but as Jesus fulfilled this verse, He demonstrated that He was both completely human and truly divine.
A full container of vinegar was now on the table. They filled a sponge with vinegar, placed it on hyssop, and gave it to the man to eat. Therefore, after receiving the vinegar, Jesus murmured, “It is finished,” bowed his head, and passed away (John 19:29-30). Jesus wanted to speak His last words since He was close to passing away. He accepted the vinegar since he needed it to moisten his parched lips and throat.
Jesus was offered the vinegar wine when they placed a sponge loaded with vinegar on hyssop and placed it in his mouth. Hyssop held great significance for the Jews because it served as a constant reminder of the first Passover night, when every household of Israelites in Egypt killed a perfect lamb and stained the doorpost with its blood, preventing the death angel from visiting their homes. Moses had instructed the Israelites to take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood. Moses had also instructed them to refrain from leaving their homes until the next morning (Exodus 12:22). The Israelites were spared from death by the Passover lamb’s blood. The sinless Lamb of God gave His life’s blood on the cross to save humanity.
It is finished was his final phrase as he hung on the cross. Jesus was sent to fulfill the Father’s desire and to serve humanity. He flawlessly carried out the will of His heavenly Father in His life, ministry, and death, and He offered the ideal sacrifice for mankind. Angels before God’s throne exalt Christ’s selfless love, declaring in a loud voice that He is deserving of blessings, power, wealth, wisdom, and strength (Revelation 5:12).
Who gave vinegar to Jesus?
The SyriacRabbula Gospels, volume 586, depicts Stephaton to the right of Jesus in the earliest depiction of the crucifixion in an illuminated book. He is not mentioned here, unlike Longinus.
The Roman soldier or bystander, who is nameless in the Bible, who offered Jesus a sponge drenched in vinegar wine at the Crucifixion is known in medieval Christian traditions as Stephaton or Steven. Stephaton is usually shown with Longinus, the soldier whose spear pierced Jesus’ side, in later representations of the Crucifixion.
Why was sour wine given to Jesus as he hung on the cross?
He received the second wine in a sponge, and it was sour. Romans utilized sour wine to cool themselves off and satiate their thirst. It is assumed that the spectator who offered him this sour wine did so in order to prolong his period of pain and the time he was awake.
What did they use to deliver vinegar to Jesus?
According to Matthew 27:48, Mark 15:36, and John 19:29, it was dipped in vinegar (Ancient Greek:, romanized: oxos; in some translations, sour wine), most likely posca, a favorite libation of Roman soldiers, and offered to Jesus to drink from during the Crucifixion.
What is the Bible’s position on vinegar?
by Dr. Bill Edgar, a veteran pastor in the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America and a former chair of the Geneva College Board of Trustees (RPNCA)
There are a lot of lazy individuals, so many of Solomon’s proverbs are about lazy people. Lazy people wreck their own lives, upend the lives of their families, and upset the tranquility of their employers. A slacker will give ridiculous justifications: “There’s a lion in the streets” (Proverbs 26:13). He refuses to leave his bed: “How much longer will you sleep, O sluggard? (Proverbs 6:9). He is unable to complete a task: “The sluggish man buries his hand in his bowl; it exhausts him to bring it back to his lips” (Proverbs 19:24). Is the slacker embarrassed? In contrast to seven intelligent guys, the sluggish person believes himself to be wiser (Proverbs 26:16). Is the sluggish individual poor? Most likely. Due to winter, the lazy man won’t plow; instead, he will beg at harvest and have nothing (Proverbs 20:4).
Solomon recounts two slobs, a messenger and his employer, in Proverbs 10:26. People who are notorious for being slow are typically employed last, but someone who has to send a message might hire the first sluggard who is available, reasoning that “Delivering a message is easy.” He can accomplish that, for sure! But even that simple task will be botched by the lazy man because he will take his time leaving, stop for a coffee and chat with the barista, get lost, forget who the message is for, and then forget the message. Anyone who utilizes the sluggard to perform even a simple duty, like delivering a message, will experience the same irritations as using vinegar to irritate teeth and smoke to irritate the eyes.
The lesson is this: give a job to a lazy person and prepare for frustration. More broadly, you will regret assigning someone to a work they cannot or will not perform. The ability to perform a job is not implied by a person’s title or job description. Since they end up playing “let’s pretend about employees,” managers who mechanically utilize such manuals to assign work deserve the difficulty they face. The first principle I worked for never participated in that game, so when those in charge handed him an assistant principal who blew every opportunity he had, the principal gave him cafeteria duties for four periods each day.
The sluggard who is unable to convey a message effectively will yet be conceited and full of justifications. The person who designated him as a messenger will also do so. He received clear instructions from me. “How was it anticipated that anyone would know he would stop for two hours in a coffee shop to catch up?” He had to say it three times for me to get it. How could he have forgotten? You see, his employer is just as mentally lazy as the sluggard is physically. He did not assess the sluggard’s suitability for the position. He is to blame for his frustration and smoke in the eyes.
Romans drank vinegar because…
The Roman Empire provided soldiers with posca, an acidic, slightly tart beverage made from a combination of sour wine, vinegar, and herbs (sound familiar?). It was produced by diluting wine and adding herbs, spices, and, in this case, coriander seeds. As a result, it was rich in vitamin C and anti-oxidants. The water was often unsafe to drink, but the herbs had health advantages and destroyed all the microorganisms in the water because it was quite acidic.
It shares traits with switchel, verjuice, and apple cider vinegar despite not being fermented.
Author Gwynn Guilford calls it the “Gatorade of the ancients” in a piece for Quartz, and he provides a recipe for those interested in finding out what it tasted like:
- Red wine vinegar, 1.5 cups
- Half a cup of honey
- 1 tablespoon of coriander seed, crushed
- 4 cups of liquid
Just cook the honey and spices, then let them cool before adding them to the wine and water.
It’s important to keep in mind that posca played a part in the crucifixion as Easter approaches. Guilford explains:
Posca’s second significant claim to fame, other from quenching Roman thirst, comes from its contentious appearance in the Bible. According to Matthew 27:48, Roman soldiers at Golgotha offered Jesus Christ sips of the substance from a sponge held aloft with a reed while he was being crucified, or possibly just before. They may have done this to console him or torment him, depending on how you look at it. Jesus, though, was not having it. Christ tasted the posca, refused to drink it, and died as a result.
What makes wine and vinegar different from one another?
Two extremely different liquids that go through fermentation are wine and vinegar. Wine is an alcoholic beverage designed for consumption, whereas vinegar is frequently a condiment used to salad dressings, sauces, and other food preparations rather than being consumed straight away.
Vinegar, which is produced by fermenting ethanol, is acidic by nature. Ethanoic acid, or more often known as acetic acid, is the primary product of this method. Although there can be some significant variances, notably with vinegars used for pickling, the acid concentration for the widely used table vinegar typically ranges from 4 to 8 percent per unit volume.
Confusion arises because vinegar can also be found in other alcoholic beverages such wine, beer, and fermented fruit juices. As a result, words like “wine vinegars” are used often throughout central Europe. There are currently many different vinegar varieties due to the wide range of options for the vinegar’s actual ethanoic acid source. Vinegars made from malt, wine, fruit, rice, coconut, cane, raisins, and beer are the most popular.
Another gimmick is that some countries classify their own vinagers as a different category of wine. For instance, the so-called palm vinegar, or “tuba,” is available in the Philippines and can be consumed either as vinegar or as a standalone alcoholic beverage. This beverage, which is made by fermenting palm tree sap, can eventually turn into vinegar if the fermentation process is prolonged. This is presumably one of the causes of the thinning definitions of the words “vinegar” and “wine.”
Regarding their practical applications, vinegars are utilized in numerous food preparations such as vinaigrettes, chutneys, and marinades. However, vinegar is most frequently used as a condiment or as a standalone sauce.
On the other hand, the majority of wines are made from fermented grape juice. The yeasts start the fermentation process. The variety of wines that are currently accessible is made possible by different grape varietals and various yeast strains. In terms of history, wines are older because they have been traced back to 6,000 BC, whilst vinegars first appear around 3,000 BC, several millennia later. Wines have long been considered an essential complement to meat dishes, cakes, and even some sweets, particularly in Europe.
1. Consuming pure vinegar is more uncommon than drinking wine, despite being doable.
2. While vinegar is a common condiment or a component of sauces, wine is frequently seen as a social alcoholic beverage.
What happened to Mary after Jesus’ death?
The dormition of Mary was a belief held by the Eastern Orthodox Greek Church. This holds that Mary died naturally and that Christ then received her soul. On the third day after her death, her body reappeared. After that, she was physically carried into paradise.
The Catholic Church debated for a very long time whether Mary was “assumed bodily into heaven before she died” or whether she rose from the dead after a brief period of repose in death and then ascended into heaven.
Catholic dogma was established in 1950 with the assertion that Mary was taken up into heaven. Then, Pope Pius XII proclaimed that Mary
was exempt from the law requiring her to remain in the decay of the grave, and her body did not need to be redeemed at the end of time.
Why did blood and water leak out?
Between 300 and 400 B.C., the Persians devised the crucifixion. It may be the most agonizing death that humans have ever devised. The word “alien” comes from the “acknowledging the crucifixion as a sort of gradual, agonizing torture. 1 Only slaves, foreigners, revolutionaries, and the worst of criminals were subject to its punishment. Although victims were nailed to crosses, it is likely that Jesus’ cross was a Tau cross rather than the Latin cross (T). The vertical portion (the stipes) is permanently buried. Only the horizontal section (the patibulum) is carried by the accused up the hill. The titulus, a marker that denotes that a formal trial for breaking the law has place, is located atop the patibulum. In the case of Jesus, this states “This is the Jewish King (Luke 23:38).
Jesus is tossed to the ground, reopening His wounds, rubbing with dirt, and causing bleeding. The accused needs to be nailed to the patibulum while lying down. They pierce His “to the patibulum with fists. Greek translation of “The wrist is part of the hands. It is more likely that Jesus’ wrists were punctured by the nails. The weight of the arms would shred the nail through the fragile flesh if it were driven into the hand.
This would prevent the upper body from being strapped to the cross. When nailed into the wrist, the body stays fastened to the cross by the bones in the bottom part of the hand, which sustain the weight of the arms. The major hand nerve (the median nerve), which is seven to nine inches long, is damaged or severed upon hit by the enormous nail. Jesus’ arms continue to ache in excruciating anguish as a result.
The guards lift the patibulum and set it on the stipes that are already in the ground once the subject has been restrained. Jesus’ entire weight pulls down on His nailed wrists as it is hoisted, and His shoulders and elbows dislocate (Psalm 22:14). 3 Jesus’ arms in this position are at least six inches longer than they were before.
Jesus’ feet were most likely nailed through the tops as frequently depicted. The body weight presses down on the nails in this posture (with the knees extended to around 90 degrees),4 and the ankles help to support the weight. As opposed to the hands, the nails wouldn’t rip into the soft tissue. Once more, the nail would inflict excruciating agony and serious nerve damage since it would cut off the dorsal pedal artery of the foot.
Normally, the diaphragm—a big muscle that divides the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity—must descend in order to breathe in. Air enters the lungs automatically as the chest cavity is enlarged (inhalation). When you exhale, the diaphragm moves up, compressing the air in your lungs and forcing it out of your body (exhalation). The diaphragm is pulled down by the weight of Jesus’ body as He hangs on the cross, allowing breath to enter and stay in His lungs. To breathe out, Jesus must raise His nailed feet, which is painful.
Air must cross the vocal chords during exhalation in order to speak. Jesus spoke seven times from the crucifixion, according to the Gospels. It is astonishing that He rises to speak despite his discomfort “Pardon them (Luke 23:34).
A slow form of asphyxia results from the challenges associated with exhaling. Blood levels of carbonic acid rise as a result of an accumulation of carbon dioxide. Instinctively, the body reacts, causing the urge to breathe. The heart also beats more quickly to move the available oxygen. The tissues are harmed by the decreased oxygen (caused by the difficulties inhaling) and the capillaries start spilling watery blood into the tissues through their openings. As a result, fluid accumulates around the heart and lungs (pericardial effusion) (pleural effusion). The person effectively suffocates due to collapsed lungs, failing heart, dehydration, and the inability to provide enough oxygen to the tissues. 5 Cardiac arrest results from myocardial infarction, which is caused by the reduced oxygen levels. The heart may potentially break under extreme cardiac stress, a condition known as cardiac rupture. 6 Most likely a heart attack caused Jesus’ death.
The two prisoners who were crucified with Jesus had their legs broken by the time Jesus died (John 19:32), which led to their asphyxia. Then death would come more quickly. They didn’t break Jesus’ legs since He was already dead when they arrived (John 19:33). Instead, to prove He was dead, the soldiers pierced His side (John 19:34). According to reports, doing so results in “(John 19:34) The watery fluid encircling the heart and lungs poured out, along with blood.
The intensity of Christ’s suffering highlights the actual depth of God’s love for His creation, even though these painful facts show a cruel murder. Teaching about the mechanics of Christ’s crucifixion serves as a constant reminder of the sublime expression of God’s love for humanity on that day at Calvary. This lesson gives me the ability to take part in communion—the commemoration of His death—with a grateful heart. Every time I realize that Jesus experienced this punishment as a real, live human being, I am astounded. What kind of affection for his buddies could a man have greater than this?