Why Was Jesus Given Vinegar On The Cross?

They handed Jesus vinegar to drink mixed with gall as he was going to the cross, and when he tasted it, he refused to drink, according to Matthew (Matthew 27:34). The beverage, according to Mark, was wine mixed with myrrh (Mark 15:23). Jesus was given a cheap Roman vinegar wine that also included a medication designed to dull the senses. Roman custom dictated that a man being crucified be given narcotic wine to help him bear his cross. However, it appears that Jesus turned down the wine in order to endure His pain with composure.

I am thirsty, Jesus stated as He was about to die (John 19:28). Due to the loss of bodily fluids from open wounds and perspiration, one of the most noticeable symptoms of crucifixion was intense thirst. When I was thirsty, they gave me vinegar to drink, and they gave me gall for my meat, David predicted this Messianic occurrence (Psalm 69:21). John realized that Jesus was aware of fulfilling the Bible. Jesus then said, “I thirst,” realizing that all had been finished so that the scripture could be fulfilled (John 19:28). The notion that Jesus was not genuinely human was one of the major errors in the early church, but as Jesus fulfilled this verse, He demonstrated that He was both completely human and truly divine.

A full container of vinegar was now on the table. They filled a sponge with vinegar, placed it on hyssop, and gave it to the man to eat. Therefore, after receiving the vinegar, Jesus murmured, “It is finished,” bowed his head, and passed away (John 19:29-30). Jesus wanted to speak His last words since He was close to passing away. He accepted the vinegar since he needed it to moisten his parched lips and throat.

Jesus was offered the vinegar wine when they placed a sponge loaded with vinegar on hyssop and placed it in his mouth. Hyssop held great significance for the Jews because it served as a constant reminder of the first Passover night, when every household of Israelites in Egypt killed a perfect lamb and stained the doorpost with its blood, preventing the death angel from visiting their homes. Moses had instructed the Israelites to take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood. Moses had also instructed them to refrain from leaving their homes until the next morning (Exodus 12:22). The Israelites were spared from death by the Passover lamb’s blood. The sinless Lamb of God gave His life’s blood on the cross to save humanity.

It is finished was his final phrase as he hung on the cross. Jesus was sent to fulfill the Father’s desire and to serve humanity. He flawlessly carried out the will of His heavenly Father in His life, ministry, and death, and He offered the ideal sacrifice for mankind. Angels before God’s throne exalt Christ’s selfless love, declaring in a loud voice that He is deserving of blessings, power, wealth, wisdom, and strength (Revelation 5:12).

Why did Jesus receive the vinegar?

According to Matthew 27:48, Mark 15:36, and John 19:29, it was dipped in vinegar (Ancient Greek:, romanized: oxos; in some translations, sour wine), most likely posca, a favorite libation of Roman soldiers, and offered to Jesus to drink from during the Crucifixion.

Why was sour wine given to Jesus as he hung on the cross?

He received the second wine in a sponge, and it was sour. Romans utilized sour wine to cool themselves off and satiate their thirst. It is assumed that the spectator who offered him this sour wine did so in order to prolong his period of pain and the time he was awake.

Who gave vinegar to Jesus?

The SyriacRabbula Gospels, volume 586, depicts Stephaton to the right of Jesus in the earliest depiction of the crucifixion in an illuminated book. He is not mentioned here, unlike Longinus.

The Roman soldier or bystander, who is nameless in the Bible, who offered Jesus a sponge drenched in vinegar wine at the Crucifixion is known in medieval Christian traditions as Stephaton or Steven. Stephaton is usually shown with Longinus, the soldier whose spear pierced Jesus’ side, in later representations of the Crucifixion.

this is the law for the Nazirite. He needs to be taken to the Tent of Meeting’s entrance. 14 A year-old male lamb without blemish for a burnt offering, a year-old ewe lamb without blemish for a sin offering, a ram without blemish for a fellowship offering, 15 along with their grain offerings and drink offerings, and a basket of bread made without yeast—cakes made of fine flour mixed with oil, and wafers spread with oil—are to be presented there to the LORD. 16 “The priest must sacrifice both the burnt offering and the sin offering and deliver them to the LORD. 17 Along with the ram’s grain offering and drink offering, he is to offer the basket of unleavened bread and the ram as a fellowship offering to the LORD. 18 “‘The Nazirite must then shave off the hair that he dedicated at the entry to the Tent of Meeting. He is to take the hair and throw it into the fire that is beneath the fellowship giving sacrifice. 19 “‘The priest is to give the Nazirite a boiled ram shoulder, a cake and a wafer from the basket, both made without yeast, after shaving off the hair of his commitment. 20 Then, the priest will wave them before the LORD as a wave offering; they are sacred and belong to the priest, just like the waved breast and the presented thigh. The Nazirite is then permitted to sip wine. The Nazirite who swears his gift to the LORD in accordance with his separation, in addition to anything else he can afford, is bound by this requirement, according to verse 21. According to the Nazirite law, he must carry out the commitment he has made. 22 Moses heard the LORD say: 23 ‘This is how you are to bless the Israelites,’ say to Aaron and his sons. Tell them: “The LORD bless you and keep you,” 24 “The LORD make his face shine upon you and be gracious to you, 25 The LORD make his face toward you and give you peace, 26 The LORD turn his face toward you and give you peace.” 27 As a result, I will bless the Israelites and they will bear my name.

What purpose does vinegar serve?

There aren’t many things that can be used as a cleaning agent and a coveted cooking component simultaneously. The French phrase “vin aigre,” or sour wine, is where the name “vinegar” originates. It was used in Babylon as early as 5000 BCE, not merely for cooking but also as a medicinal, preservative, and beverage to increase energy and foster wellness. According to legend, vinegar was found after forgotten wine fermented and turned sour after being stored for several months.

Acetic acid and water are combined to create vinegar through a two-step fermentation process. First, yeast consume any liquid derived from a plant source, such as fruits, whole grains, potatoes, or rice, and feed on the sugar or starch therein. It ferments into alcohol. After being exposed to oxygen and the acetic acid bacterium Acetobacter, the alcohol continues to ferment for several weeks or months, turning into vinegar. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration mandates that vinegar include at least 4% acetic acid, while regularly used vinegars may contain up to 8%. Vinegar contains trace amounts of vitamins, mineral salts, amino acids, and polyphenolic chemicals in addition to acetic acid, which is the ingredient that gives it its characteristic acidic and pungent smells and odors [1]. The flavors can be acidic, salty, or sweet. Balsamic vinegar, for example, can ferment for up to 25 years.

Vinegars and Health

Early documents from China, the Middle East, and Greece mention the use of vinegar as a medicine, including as a cough suppressant, a digestive aid, and an antibacterial balm to bandage wounds. Today, vinegar is frequently promoted as a universal remedy for everything from minor illnesses to chronic conditions. To be clear, there is no scientific evidence to date that suggests vinegar is a successful cure for any of these ailments. However, certain animal studies and few human studies have indicated a health advantage from vinegar, which has increased its popularity in the general public’s eye.

Below, we examine some of the most well-known vinegar-related health claims and the scant scientific evidence supporting them.

Diabetes Can vinegar lower sugar levels? Those who have diabetes or prediabetes are curious to learn the solution. With tiny sample sizes of 12 or fewer people, a few human investigations have yielded contradictory results. [2-5] Taking vinegar (in amounts ranging from 2-4 tablespoons daily) significantly decreased glucose and insulin levels after meals, according to a meta-analysis of 11 research trials with a total of 5–12 participants that looked at people with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, or neither. [6] In a pilot research involving 14 people with type 2 diabetes, vinegar supplementation twice daily with meals was observed to lower fasting glucose levels after 12 weeks, but not post-meal glucose levels. [7]

Due to the many study designs, it is challenging to compare these results: healthy people against those with insulin resistance or diabetes; when and how much vinegar was consumed; the amount of carbohydrates in meals; and a diet with a high versus low glycemic index. The levels of insulin or blood sugar may have increased or decreased as a result of these factors acting independently.

According to one idea, vinegar prevents the enzymes needed to break down carbohydrates, preventing them from being digested. This delay in digestion may result in a lower post-meal blood sugar surge or a stronger feeling of fullness. Other possible actions include reducing the liver’s synthesis of glucose or helping insulin-resistant individuals use their insulin more effectively. [5] However, due to a lack of reliable research, the American Diabetes Association does not advocate using vinegar for glycemic management. Before providing recommendations, more long-term trials with a more consistent study design are required.

Loss of weight If vinegar delays digestion and stomach emptying, this may result in a sensation of fullness after eating, which may lead one to consume less food. Other hypotheses propose a direct impact on the metabolism of fat. According to a study on animals, acetic acid shielded rats from accumulating belly fat and prevented excessive liver fat storage. [8] A drink containing 0, 15, or 30 mL of apple cider vinegar was administered to 155 Japanese participants in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study who were tracked for 12 weeks and had a body mass index of 25 to 30 (considered obese in Japan). [9] At 12 weeks, the findings revealed a slight but significant reduction in body weight (2-4 pounds) and body mass index (0.4-0.7 points). There is, however, inconsistent evidence to support a benefit when examining the entire body of research on vinegar and body weight, which mostly consists of animal studies. There are conflicting results regarding how vinegar affects appetite and stomach emptying. [1,5]

Cancer Polyphenols, plant compounds with antioxidant properties that may shield cells from oxidative stress, a potential promoter of tumor growth, are present in vinegar. Studies on cells and mice indicate that vinegar may stop the development of cancer cells or cause tumor cells to die. There isn’t enough human data, though, to support the use of vinegar in treating this illness. [1] Whatever the case, vinegar enhances the flavor of other plant foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains that contain polyphenols and are part of a balanced diet that helps prevent disease.

Gastrointestinal Surprisingly, although being a product of fermentation, vinegar does not contain the good bacteria found in probiotic foods. But other vinegars, like apple cider vinegar, which also includes pectin, may function as a prebiotic, or a source of food for good bacteria.

In order to cure gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, vinegar has been used as a home treatment. According to one idea, consuming vinegar may boost stomach acid and enhance digestion if GERD is brought on by a condition where there is not enough acid in the stomach. According to a different notion, vinegar can aid in lowering blood pH to create a more acidic environment that obliterates dangerous microorganisms in the gut. These theories are not supported by any published research. Additionally, eating too much strong vinegar at once may cause negative effects like stomach distress and esophageal inflammation. Due to its extreme acidity, tooth enamel may be damaged.


Low in calories and nutrients is vinegar. One tablespoon of vinegar can have between 2 and 15 calories, depending on the type. The ones with the fewest calories, like distilled vinegar, have no nutritional value, while others have traces of nutrients. Most vinegars are sodium- and sugar-free, making them the perfect flavoring for foods for people on special diets. Not all, though, are calorie-free. In order to know exactly what you are getting, it is vital to check the nutrition information label and ingredients list on some vinegars because they sometimes contain additional sugar and/or a blend of grape juice and wine vinegar.

How To Use

  • A rich dish gains balance and brightness from the vinegar’s acidity or sourness. Popular culinary essentials like mayonnaise, ketchup, marinades, and salad dressings contain it.
  • Foods can have their textures altered by vinegar. When used as a marinade to tenderize meats and fish, it destroys the chemical structure of protein. By mixing vinegar with milk, cottage cheese can also be made. The acid in vinegar divides the liquid whey from the solid curds in milk.

Pickling is a preservation technique that uses vinegar to extend the shelf life of perishable items by eradicating microorganisms. Pickling is the process of preserving food by soaking it in a brine solution that contains vinegar, water, salt, and sugar.

  • There are numerous varieties of vinegars on the market. Specialty vinegars may also be sweetened with fruit juices or may have additional herbs like basil, clove, or cinnamon. The following are typical kinds and examples of how to utilize them:
  • White Distilled: A distilled alcohol that has undergone fermentation is created, frequently from fermented grains. Be aware that grains only play a secondary role in the production of alcohol, which is subsequently distilled to create a water solution of almost pure ethyl alcohol, and then fermented to create a solution of almost pure acetic acid (in water). The absence of savory, aromatic aromas in wine vinegars can be attributed to this procedure. Because the resulting acidity does not change the color of fruits and vegetables, it is perfect for pickling. It’s also a well-liked, affordable option for cleaning.
  • Made from fermented grape must, balsamic vinegar (whole pressed grapes). In contrast to other vinegars, this thick, dark brown vinegar could have a little sweeter and mellower flavor. It can be cooked into a thick sauce known as a “reduction” that is then drizzled over fruit or ice cream, or it can be used in marinades and salad dressings.
  • Fermented rice is used to make rice. A softer, sweeter flavor with a moderate acidity. used in Asian-inspired foods such stir-fries, pickled veggies, and sushi.
  • Red or white wine is used to make wine. has a harsh, acidic flavor that changes according on the wine used. used to cook meat and fish as well as in salad dressings and marinades.
  • The liquid from crushed apples is used to make apple cider. Compared to other types, it has less acidity and a slight apple flavor. used in marinades, salad dressings, sweeter meals, and salads.
  • Malt: Made from unhopped, fermented beer. has a powerful acidic flavor that makes it a good choice for sauces or dips.

To add flavor to vinaigrette dressings and marinades, a vinegar base (often wine vinegar) is mixed with fruit purees or herbs like rosemary or sage.