Why Does Vinegar Cure Heartburn?

Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, which may have a number of health advantages.

Too little stomach acid may cause acid reflux in some individuals. This remedy’s proponents assert that because apple cider vinegar increases the amount of acid in the digestive tract, it may be advantageous. This acid functions as an antibacterial agent and is also efficient against several types of bacteria.

Additionally, apple cider vinegar may assist diabetics in controlling their blood sugar. Consuming vinegar can improve your body’s sensitivity to insulin. As a result, your body can pass glucose through it more easily and your blood sugar levels can drop.


  • The “mother of the apple,” which is supposed to have a lot of protein, is present in raw or unfiltered apple cider vinegar.
  • The digestive tract may become more acidic as a result of using apple cider vinegar. This might be helpful if the cause of your acid reflux is a lack of stomach acid.
  • Acetic acid, which is present in vinegar, combats germs and other foreign substances.

Can vinegar treat heartburn?

A well-liked home cure for acid reflux and heartburn is apple cider vinegar, a fermented vinegar made from crushed apples.

The symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, such as acid reflux, heartburn, and other symptoms, can be successfully treated at home using a variety of natural therapies (GERD).

Some people contend that these symptoms can be relieved by apple cider vinegar. However, it could exacerbate acid reflux in certain people.

For heartburn, how much vinegar do you take?

The likelihood that apple cider vinegar can relieve acid reflux is very low. One teaspoon of apple cider vinegar per serving is advised if you do decide to give it a try.

Sadly, there isn’t enough proof to support claims that apple cider vinegar works well to treat acid reflux.

Heartburn and acid reflux symptoms can be effectively treated with a variety of methods, such as drinking alkaline water or over-the-counter (OTC) antacid medications. Ask your provider for suggestions if you’re not sure where to begin.

How quickly can apple cider vinegar treat indigestion?

Apple cider vinegar seems to be a favorite in the holistic health community, despite some studies suggesting that some

a few of the proclaimed health advantages (lessening blood sugar spikes and

What about the remaining claims (short-term satiety when taken with a meal)1?

being the

What Is Apple Cider Vinegar?

The natural sugars of a carbohydrate are used to make apple cider vinegar, as are the majority of flavored vinegars1.

Source is fermented by yeast to produce sugar alcohol from a source (in this case, apples), and then that alcohol is

transformed into acetic acid, an organic acid that gives vinegar its distinctive scent.

>Can Apple Cider Vinegar Help With Heartburn?

There hasn’t been enough research on natural remedies to relieve heartburn and aid digestion.

According to a brief study done in 20163 at Arizona State University, organic apples

For some trial participants, cider vinegar “seemed to reduce heartburn symptoms, although those symptoms were

just for the first “60 to 75 minutes, and researchers found that the gains were “not sustained” beyond that.

>Can Apple Cider Vinegar CAUSE Heartburn?

The following warning is for people who occasionally experience heartburn: Although apple cider vinegar doesn’t particularly

vinegar doesn’t generally appear to have any significant negative consequences, yet because of its


4. If you’ve ever had heartburn issues following consuming a salad

Vinaigrette, vinegar may be an individual trigger, therefore it is recommended to avoid this home cure.

Consider using a first line of defense method before attempting a treatment that may or may not be effective to provide relief.

Upon physical touch, heartburn, indigestion, and an upset stomach are quickly relieved. When you truly experience the

What quickly eliminates heartburn?

Similar to an over-the-counter antacid, baking soda can neutralize stomach acid and lessen heartburn symptoms because of its alkaline pH.

So, taking a teaspoon of baking soda could be helpful if you have heartburn but don’t have any antacids on hand. (Just be aware that the flavor won’t be great.)

You shouldn’t use baking soda frequently because it contains a lot of sodium. Additionally, pregnant women should not use it.


Ginger is frequently advised for nausea and indigestion due to its well-known calming effects on the digestive system.

It contains a substance called phenols, which is supposed to relieve stomach contractions and gastrointestinal irritability.

Ginger may be able to stop acid reflux from backing up into your esophagus because of this.

Ginger is frequently found in food stores and is also available in herbal tea.

Ginger and water, which can weaken stomach acid, may lessen the sensations of heartburn.

If you have indigestion, you can also munch ginger candy, which is offered by many supermarkets.

Chewing gum

If you frequently experience heartburn, it can be a good idea to keep some chewing gum on hand to ease your discomfort.

One tiny study found relief from acid symptoms by chewing sugar-free gum for 30 minutes after a meal.

According to the theory, chewing gum could lessen the amount of acid in your esophagus, which would lessen your pain.

When you’re in pain from acid reflux, stay away from mint-flavored gum if peppermint has in the past made your heartburn worse.

Apple cider vinegar

Another well-known natural treatment for heartburn is apple cider vinegar, which is created from fermented and crushed apples.

It is believed that organic apple cider, which has enzymes and proteins that are good for you nutritionally, will help you feel better.

One theory is that apple cider vinegar increases the amount of stomach acid that enters the digestive system, which may help patients who experience acid reflux because they have insufficient stomach acid.

A spoonful of apple cider vinegar diluted in a cup of water can be sipped if you want to test it as a heartburn remedy.

Stop smoking

Smoking is recognized to be bad for one’s health in general, but doctors also claim that it might make heartburn symptoms worse.

This is due to nicotine’s ability to relax smooth muscles throughout the body, including the esophageal sphincter.

It is more common for stomach acid to back up into the esophagus when this muscle is relaxed.

Additionally, smoking can increase the amount of acid your stomach produces, increasing the likelihood that you will have acid reflux pain and discomfort.

It is preferable to stop smoking if you currently smoke and wish to enhance your health and reduce heartburn. Y

Eat a ripe banana

A banana has a high potassium content, making it a relatively alkaline food. And because of this, your esophagus may not be as irritated by stomach acid, claims the Academy of Nutrition & Dietetics.

Unripe bananas, on the other hand, are less alkaline, starch-heavy, and may even cause acid reflux in certain people. So make sure you select a ripe banana.

Melons, cauliflower, fennel, and other alkaline foods may also reduce heartburn.

Chew sugar-free gum

Gum chewing causes more saliva to be produced. One study found that doing so can help prevent heartburn because saliva can encourage swallowing, which can help keep acid down and neutralize stomach acid that has refluxed into your esophagus.

Keep a food journal and avoid trigger foods

As previously noted, specific meals and beverages can cause heartburn and acid reflux. By keeping a food and symptom journal, you can help identify the precise items that are most likely to cause you problems. Once you’ve identified them, try your best to stay away from these meals and beverages.

Resist the urge to overeat or eat quickly

Being mindful of your mealtime portion sizes can help prevent heartburn. Large amounts of food in the stomach may increase pressure on the valve that prevents stomach acid from entering the esophagus, increasing the likelihood of acid reflux and heartburn. If you frequently experience heartburn, think about eating more frequent, smaller meals. Eat slowly and take your time to chew your food and drink your liquids because eating hurriedly can also cause heartburn.

Avoid late meals, snacking before bed and eating before exercising

A full stomach when lying down might cause acid reflux and aggravate heartburn symptoms. To give your stomach enough time to empty before night, avoid eating three hours before going to sleep. Additionally, you might want to wait at least two hours before working out.

Adjust your sleep position

While you sleep, elevating your head and chest above your feet can help prevent and relieve acid reflux and heartburn. This can be accomplished by elevating the bedposts with wood blocks or by placing a foam wedge under the mattress. Piling pillows often isn’t useful and might potentially exacerbate your problems, so avoid doing it. Additionally, it is believed that sleeping on your left side may help with digestion and may lessen acid reflux.

Take steps to lose weight if you are overweight

Being overweight increases the strain on your stomach, raising your risk of heartburn and acid reflux. The first two steps to keeping a healthy weight and decreasing extra weight are eating a well-balanced diet and exercising 150 minutes per week.

Stop smoking if you smoke

Smoking decreases saliva production and affects the efficiency of the valve that prevents stomach acid from entering the esophagus, which increases the likelihood of heartburn. Giving up smoking might lessen acid reflux’s frequency and intensity, and in some circumstances, even make it go away.

Reduce stress

Your body suffers physical effects from chronic stress, including slowed digestion and increased sensitivity to pain. Stomach acid reflux is more likely to occur the longer food is allowed to rest in your stomach. Additionally, heightened pain sensitivity might amplify the intensity of heartburn’s searing pain. Reflux and heartburn can be prevented or treated by taking actions to lessen stress.

ACV shouldn’t be consumed by anyone.

The yeast turns the apple sugar into alcohol. The mixture is then combined with bacteria, which causes the alcohol to ferment into acetic acid (1).

Apple cider vinegar is 56% acetic acid. It is categorized as a “weak acid,” yet when concentrated, it still exhibits quite strong acidic qualities.

Vinegar also contains water, traces of other acids, vitamins, and minerals, in addition to acetic acid (1).

Acetic acid and apple cider vinegar have been linked to improved cholesterol levels, reduced blood sugar levels, increased insulin sensitivity, and weight loss in both humans and animals, according to several studies (2, 3, 4, 5).

Sadly, there are few human studies that support the regular use of apple cider vinegar, and additional study is required (6).

Acetic acid, the primary ingredient in apple cider vinegar, may help with weight loss and provide additional health advantages like improved cholesterol and blood sugar control.

Sadly, there are some adverse effects associated with using apple cider vinegar.

While ingesting little amounts is typically okay and healthy, doing so in excess can be detrimental and even dangerous.

Delayed stomach emptying

Apple cider vinegar may slow down the rate at which food leaves the stomach and enters the lower digestive tract, according to small human studies. The bloodstream’s ability to absorb nutrients could be slowed by this.

However, this impact might make persons with diabetes who frequently experience gastroparesis’ symptoms worse.

Due to malfunctioning stomach nerves in gastroparesis, food remains in the stomach for an excessive amount of time and does not empty at a regular rate.

Gastroparesis signs and symptoms include nausea, bloating, and heartburn. Because it’s difficult to forecast how long food will take to digest and absorb, timing insulin with meals can be particularly difficult for persons with type 1 diabetes and gastroparesis.

Ten patients with type 1 diabetes and gastroparesis were the subject of one controlled study.

When compared to drinking normal water, drinking water with 2 tablespoons (30 mL) of apple cider vinegar lengthened the time food stayed in the stomach (7).

More recent studies are required to fully comprehend how apple cider vinegar affects blood sugar levels.

According to research, apple cider vinegar may reduce how quickly food leaves the stomach. People with type 1 diabetes may experience worsening gastroparesis symptoms as a result, making it harder for them to control their blood sugar levels.

Digestive side effects

Studies on both people and animals have discovered that acetic acid and apple cider vinegar can naturally reduce calorie intake by promoting feelings of fullness and reducing desire (8, 9).

However, one controlled study indicates that under some circumstances, dyspepsia may cause a decrease in appetite and food consumption.

The participants who drank a beverage containing 25 grams (0.88 ounces) of apple cider vinegar reported less appetite but also noticeably more nausea, especially when the vinegar was a component of a drink with a bad taste (10).

Although it may aid in appetite suppression, apple cider vinegar can also make you feel queasy, especially if you drink it with something that tastes bad.

Low potassium levels and bone loss

The effects of apple cider vinegar on blood potassium levels and bone health have not yet been subjected to controlled studies.

One case report of low blood potassium levels and bone loss, however, was linked to consuming significant amounts of apple cider vinegar over an extended period of time.

A 28-year-old lady drank 8 ounces (250 mL) of water-diluted apple cider vinegar every day for six years.

She was brought to the hospital due to low potassium levels and further blood chemical problems (11).

In addition, osteoporosis, a disorder that produces brittle bones and is uncommon in young people, was identified as the woman’s illness.

The woman was treated by doctors who think her huge daily doses of apple cider vinegar caused mineral loss from her bones in an effort to balance the acidity of her blood.

Of course, she consumed a lot more apple cider vinegar in this example than the majority of people would in a single day, and she did it every day for a long time.

There is one case report of osteoporosis and low potassium levels that were probably brought on by consuming excessive amounts of apple cider vinegar.

Erosion of tooth enamel

Although studies on soft drinks and fruit juices have received more attention, some evidence suggests that vinegar’s acetic acid may also harm dental enamel.

In one lab experiment, vinegars with pH ranges from 2.73 to 2.95 were used to soak wisdom tooth enamel. After 4 hours, the vinegars caused a 100% loss of minerals from the teeth (13).

As saliva helps to buffer acidity in the mouth and a person wouldn’t retain vinegar in their mouth for four hours, it is important to note that this study was conducted in a lab rather than in a human mouth. However, there is some proof that excessive vinegar consumption may lead to teeth erosion.

A case study revealed that a 15-year-old girl who regularly consumed 1 cup (237 mL) of undiluted apple cider vinegar as a weight-loss aid was responsible for developing serious dental damage (14).

Vinegar’s acetic acid has the potential to erode dental enamel, cause mineral loss, and tooth decay.

Throat burns

Acetic acid from vinegar was discovered to be the most often occurring acid that resulted in throat burns when dangerous liquids accidently consumed by youngsters were examined.

Researchers advised keeping vinegar in childproof containers and treating it as a “strong caustic chemical” (15).

But according to one case study, an apple cider vinegar tablet that became stuck in a woman’s throat burned her, and she had discomfort and trouble swallowing for six months as a result (16).

Children’s throat burns from apple cider vinegar’s acetic acid have been reported, and one adult who swallowed an apple cider vinegar tablet that became stuck in her esophagus suffered throat burns.

Skin burns

When applied to the skin, apple cider vinegar can burn because of how powerfully acidic it is.

In one instance, a 14-year-old girl who followed an internet protocol to remove two moles ended up with erosions on her nose after using several drops of apple cider vinegar (17).

In another instance, an apple cider vinegar-treated leg infection caused leg burns in a 6-year-old boy with many health issues (18).

Additionally, there are several anecdotal stories online of burns brought on by skin-applied apple cider vinegar.

Apple cider vinegar has been used to cure infections and moles, although there have been instances of skin burns as a result.

Drug interactions

Several drugs may interact with apple cider vinegar, including:

  • medicines for diabetes. Vinegar consumption and insulin or insulin-stimulating drug use can result in dangerously low potassium or blood sugar levels.
  • Digoxin (Lanoxin). Your blood potassium levels drop when you take this drug. If you take it along with apple cider vinegar, your potassium levels can drop too low.
  • specific diuretics. Your body excretes potassium when you take some diuretics. Avoid taking these medications with a lot of vinegar to avoid potassium levels getting too low.

Apple cider vinegar and several drugs, such as digoxin, digoxin, and some diuretics, may interact negatively.

By adhering to these general recommendations, the majority of people can take apple cider vinegar in appropriate amounts without risk:

  • Do not overindulge. Depending on your tolerance, start with a small dose and increase it gradually up to a daily maximum of 2 teaspoons (30 mL), diluted in water.
  • Avoid exposing your teeth to acetic acid. Try mixing some water with the vinegar and sipping it via a straw.
  • Wash your mouth out. Once you’ve taken it, rinse with water. Wait at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth to stop further enamel damage.
  • If you have gastroparesis, you might want to avoid it. Avoid using apple cider vinegar or use no more than 1 teaspoon (5 mL) in a salad dressing or glass of water.
  • Consider allergies. Apple cider vinegar allergies are uncommon, but if you develop, stop taking it right once and contact your doctor.

Limit your daily intake, diluted it, and avoid it if you have certain problems if you want to eat apple cider vinegar safely.

However, it’s crucial to watch your intake and use caution when taking it in order to stay safe and avoid negative effects.

While a tiny amount of vinegar can be beneficial, more is neither better nor necessarily safer.