Why Does Chalk Dissolve In Vinegar?

Calcite, also known as calcium carbonate, is used to make chalk. In this experiment, acidic vinegar combines with chalk to produce carbon dioxide gas, water, and another calcium compound. The process results in the bubbles you see during the experiment.

What happens when you mix vinegar and chalk?

You might not be aware that adding vinegar to ordinary chalk causes it to froth and bubble. Calcium carbonate, the main component of chalk, has an endothermic chemical reaction with vinegar when combined. This reaction releases carbon dioxide gas. The fizzing and bubbles are brought on by this gas.

How much time does vinegar need to dissolve chalk?

Place a piece of white chalk in a tiny cup of vinegar to simply watch the chalk being eroded by the acid in the vinegar. The experiment can be carried out even if the chalk is not completely submerged. Check on your experiment every few hours over the course of the following several days, recording your findings with photos or notes. Observe how quickly the calcium carbonate dissolves in the vinegar and how much sediment is accumulating at the bottom of the glass. Within a few days, the chalk may totally disappear.

A chemical reaction results from mixing chalk and water?

When chalk and water are combined, no chemical reaction happens. Chalk disperses in water that can be filtered to separate different components.

Did each chalk react differently to the lemon juice and vinegar?

What you need: two pieces of each of limestone, calcite, chalk, and quartz; lemon juice; vinegar; medication droppers; and.

(1) Apply a few drops of lemon juice to one piece of each of the four different types of rocks. (2) On the other piece of each of the four varieties, add a few drops of vinegar.

What to consider: What occurs when lemon juice is applied to each rock? What occurs when each rock is treated with vinegar? Did each rock respond in the same way to the vinegar and lemon juice? Why did certain rocks behave differently than others? What is the relationship between this experiment and weathering?

What ought to have occurred: Both vinegar and lemon juice are weak acids. Citric acid, which is present in both the lemon juice and the vinegar, and acetic acid. These gentle acids have the ability to dissolve calcium carbonate-containing rocks. Given that limestone, calcite, and chalk are all calcium carbonate-containing materials, the lemon juice and vinegar ought to have fizzed or bubbled on them. The quartz shouldn’t have reacted because it doesn’t contain calcium carbonate. Explanation: Calcium carbonate and other minerals are often found in rocks, which are often dissolved by water that includes weak acids.

What disintegrates chalk?

Calcium carbonate, or CaCO3, is the primary ingredient in chalk. Due to calcium carbonate’s extremely poor solubility in water, only a very little amount of CaCO3 can dissolve in a typical volume of water. The remainder would not dissolve in water and would remain solid.

What is soluble in chalk?

CaCO3 is the component of chalk. Only a very little amount of calcium carbonate is soluble in water due to its extremely low solubility. The rest would continue to be stable.

Do vinegar and calcium carbonate mix well?

Students describe how an acid affects an eggshell in this assignment. An acid-base reaction occurs when vinegar is added to eggshells. The inner semi-permeable membrane remains intact when an egg is submerged in vinegar after the shell has broken down.

The solid calcium carbonate crystals in the eggshell are a base that are broken down into calcium and carbonate by vinegar’s acidity. While the carbonate continues to form the bubbles you see, the calcium ions, which are atoms missing electrons, continue to dissolve in the vinegar.

The membrane that lines the interior of the shell is unharmed by the acidic vinegar. The egg swells because some of the vinegar osmotically permeates the membrane. The yolk may be seen sloshing around in the white of the egg if you shake it. The contents will leak out if the membrane splits, just like they would with a raw egg, except that now they have been “pickled” with vinegar.

Younger students might believe that the membrane has “changed” into the outer shell. Remind them that the inner membrane and the outer shell are two entirely distinct layers. To demonstrate the layers, crack an egg that is still raw.

Key Questions

  • What are the bubbles on the egg’s surface when the vinegar is initially applied?
  • What is the evidence for chemical change?
  • What reaction causes the shell to dissolve?
  • What prevents the egg’s contents from escaping?
  • Is there a variation in the egg’s size between the start and end of the experiment? What changed this situation?

What To Do

Identify a “a station for pouring vinegar at your desk so you can keep an eye on how much the students are consuming (to avoid wasting).

Repetition of the same activity with your pupils will result in a few more students “To serve as a control in the linked activity, use naked eggs. Osmosis: Naked Eggs. For this task, retain the pupils’ bare eggs as well.

  • Calculate the egg’s center section’s circumference.
  • Put the egg in a container.
  • Store the egg in a secure location after covering it with vinegar. At the shell’s surface, bubbles ought to start to form.
  • The following day, scrape the egg out of the vinegar using the large spoon.
  • Throw away the used vinegar.
  • The egg should be covered in fresh vinegar and kept in a secure location.
  • For roughly 27 days, check on the egg every morning without taking it out of the jar. After the first day, the vinegar just needs to be changed.
  • The egg should be transparent but essentially egg-shaped after a week.
  • If your teacher gives the okay, don’t break the egg—you might want to use it for another experiment!


  • Compare how orange juice, cola, ordinary water, and vinegar affect the eggshell. What features do the three liquids share? How do they differ?
  • Try the identical procedure with a hard-boiled egg. The eggshell will dissolve in the same manner, leaving behind a rubbery egg that, if thrown from a height of less than 50 cm, should bounce.