The yeast turns the apple sugar into alcohol. The mixture is then combined with bacteria, which causes the alcohol to ferment into acetic acid (1).
Apple cider vinegar is 56% acetic acid. It is categorized as a “weak acid,” yet when concentrated, it still exhibits quite strong acidic qualities.
Vinegar also contains water, traces of other acids, vitamins, and minerals, in addition to acetic acid (1).
Acetic acid and apple cider vinegar have been linked to improved cholesterol levels, reduced blood sugar levels, increased insulin sensitivity, and weight loss in both humans and animals, according to several studies (2, 3, 4, 5).
Sadly, there are few human studies that support the regular use of apple cider vinegar, and additional study is required (6).
Acetic acid, the primary ingredient in apple cider vinegar, may help with weight loss and provide additional health advantages like improved cholesterol and blood sugar control.
Sadly, there are some adverse effects associated with using apple cider vinegar.
While ingesting little amounts is typically okay and healthy, doing so in excess can be detrimental and even dangerous.
Delayed stomach emptying
Apple cider vinegar may slow down the rate at which food leaves the stomach and enters the lower digestive tract, according to small human studies. The bloodstream’s ability to absorb nutrients could be slowed by this.
However, this impact might make persons with diabetes who frequently experience gastroparesis’ symptoms worse.
Due to malfunctioning stomach nerves in gastroparesis, food remains in the stomach for an excessive amount of time and does not empty at a regular rate.
Gastroparesis signs and symptoms include nausea, bloating, and heartburn. Because it’s difficult to forecast how long food will take to digest and absorb, timing insulin with meals can be particularly difficult for persons with type 1 diabetes and gastroparesis.
Ten patients with type 1 diabetes and gastroparesis were the subject of one controlled study.
When compared to drinking normal water, drinking water with 2 tablespoons (30 mL) of apple cider vinegar lengthened the time food stayed in the stomach (7).
More recent studies are required to fully comprehend how apple cider vinegar affects blood sugar levels.
According to research, apple cider vinegar may reduce how quickly food leaves the stomach. People with type 1 diabetes may experience worsening gastroparesis symptoms as a result, making it harder for them to control their blood sugar levels.
Digestive side effects
Studies on both people and animals have discovered that acetic acid and apple cider vinegar can naturally reduce calorie intake by promoting feelings of fullness and reducing desire (8, 9).
However, one controlled study indicates that under some circumstances, dyspepsia may cause a decrease in appetite and food consumption.
The participants who drank a beverage containing 25 grams (0.88 ounces) of apple cider vinegar reported less appetite but also noticeably more nausea, especially when the vinegar was a component of a drink with a bad taste (10).
Although it may aid in appetite suppression, apple cider vinegar can also make you feel queasy, especially if you drink it with something that tastes bad.
Low potassium levels and bone loss
The effects of apple cider vinegar on blood potassium levels and bone health have not yet been subjected to controlled trials.
One case report of low blood potassium levels and bone loss, however, was linked to consuming significant amounts of apple cider vinegar over an extended period of time.
A 28-year-old lady drank 8 ounces (250 mL) of water-diluted apple cider vinegar every day for six years.
She was brought to the hospital due to low potassium levels and further blood chemical problems (11).
In addition, osteoporosis, a disorder that produces brittle bones and is uncommon in young people, was identified as the woman’s illness.
The woman was treated by doctors who think her huge daily doses of apple cider vinegar caused mineral loss from her bones in an effort to balance the acidity of her blood.
Of course, she consumed a lot more apple cider vinegar in this example than the majority of people would in a single day, and she did it every day for a long time.
There is one case report of osteoporosis and low potassium levels that were probably brought on by consuming excessive amounts of apple cider vinegar.
Erosion of tooth enamel
Although studies on soft drinks and fruit juices have received more attention, some evidence suggests that vinegar’s acetic acid may also harm dental enamel.
In one lab experiment, vinegars with pH ranges from 2.73 to 2.95 were used to soak wisdom tooth enamel. After 4 hours, the vinegars caused a 100% loss of minerals from the teeth (13).
As saliva helps to buffer acidity in the mouth and a person wouldn’t retain vinegar in their mouth for four hours, it is important to note that this study was conducted in a lab rather than in a human mouth. However, there is some proof that excessive vinegar consumption may lead to teeth erosion.
A case study revealed that a 15-year-old girl who regularly consumed 1 cup (237 mL) of undiluted apple cider vinegar as a weight-loss aid was responsible for developing serious dental damage (14).
Vinegar’s acetic acid has the potential to erode dental enamel, cause mineral loss, and tooth decay.
Acetic acid from vinegar was discovered to be the most often occurring acid that resulted in throat burns when dangerous liquids accidently consumed by youngsters were examined.
Researchers advised keeping vinegar in childproof containers and treating it as a “strong caustic chemical” (15).
However, according to one case study, an apple cider vinegar tablet that got stuck in a woman’s throat burned her. The woman said that for six months following the incident, she had pain and trouble swallowing (16).
Children’s throat burns from apple cider vinegar’s acetic acid have been reported. One woman had burns on her throat from an apple cider vinegar tablet that got stuck in her esophagus.
When applied to the skin, apple cider vinegar can burn because of how powerfully acidic it is.
In one instance, a 14-year-old girl who followed an internet protocol to remove two moles ended up with erosions on her nose after using several drops of apple cider vinegar (17).
In another instance, an apple cider vinegar-treated leg infection caused leg burns in a 6-year-old boy with many health issues (18).
Additionally, there are several anecdotal stories online of burns brought on by skin-applied apple cider vinegar.
Apple cider vinegar has been used to cure infections and moles, although there have been instances of skin burns as a result.
Several drugs may interact with apple cider vinegar, including:
- medicines for diabetes. Vinegar consumption and insulin or insulin-stimulating drug use can result in dangerously low potassium or blood sugar levels.
- Digoxin (Lanoxin). Your blood potassium levels drop when you take this drug. If you take it along with apple cider vinegar, your potassium levels can drop too low.
- specific diuretics. Your body excretes potassium when you take some diuretics. Avoid taking these medications with a lot of vinegar to avoid potassium levels getting too low.
Apple cider vinegar and several drugs, such as digoxin, digoxin, and some diuretics, may interact negatively.
By adhering to these general recommendations, the majority of people can take apple cider vinegar in appropriate amounts without risk:
- Do not overindulge. Depending on your tolerance, start with a small dose and increase it gradually up to a daily maximum of 2 teaspoons (30 mL), diluted in water.
- Avoid exposing your teeth to acetic acid. Try mixing some water with the vinegar and sipping it via a straw.
- Wash your mouth out. Once you’ve taken it, rinse with water. Wait at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth to stop further enamel damage.
- If you have gastroparesis, you might want to avoid it. Avoid using apple cider vinegar or use no more than 1 teaspoon (5 mL) in a salad dressing or glass of water.
- Consider allergies. Apple cider vinegar allergies are uncommon, but if you develop, stop taking it right once and contact your doctor.
Limit your daily intake, diluted it, and avoid it if you have certain problems if you want to eat apple cider vinegar safely.
However, it’s crucial to watch your intake and use caution when taking it in order to stay safe and avoid negative effects.
While a tiny amount of vinegar can be beneficial, more is neither better nor necessarily safer.
Is skin burning from apple cider vinegar typical?
Vinegar has been linked to a number of health benefits, according to some data, although additional study is needed to confirm and comprehend these results.
Side effects from apple cider vinegar are possible. For instance, prolonged contact with pure vinegar can cause burns and irritability. Regularly ingesting excessive amounts of vinegar, especially in an undiluted form, may have negative effects on potassium levels, the teeth, and the digestive system.
Anyone who uses apple cider vinegar and develops serious adverse effects should visit a doctor.
Before using apple cider vinegar as a remedy, people with certain medical issues might want to consult a doctor.
Does apple cider vinegar have any negative skin effects?
When taken orally, apple cider vinegar is probably safe when consumed in food proportions. Short-term usage of apple cider vinegar as medicine may be safe. However, if used frequently and in big doses, it can be dangerous. Long-term use of significant doses of apple cider vinegar may cause issues including low potassium levels.
The use of apple cider vinegar topically may be dangerous. For some people, rubbing apple cider vinegar on their skin might result in chemical burns.
What drawbacks does apple cider vinegar have?
Drinking excessive amounts of apple cider vinegar can harm your teeth, throat, and stomach due to its strong acidity. Also:
- There is still insufficient evidence to support the claim that consuming apple cider vinegar promotes weight loss, despite some encouraging studies.
- Your potassium levels could possibly drop too low as a result of it. For your muscles and nerves to function properly, you need that nutrient.
- The rate at which food and liquids pass from the stomach to the intestines is slowed down by apple cider vinegar, according to another study of persons with type 1 diabetes. It is more difficult to maintain blood sugar control when digestion is slower.
- Some medications may not function as well as a result. Drugs for diabetes, heart disease, diuretics (medications that assist your body flush out water and salt), and laxatives are among these.
- Of course, not everyone will enjoy its pungent flavor.
In conclusion, apple cider vinegar is unlikely to harm you. You should give it a try because it has no calories, enhances flavor, and is good for you. But it’s hardly a magic fix.
Can apple cider vinegar cause allergies?
It’s also crucial to keep in mind that ingesting or being exposed to significant quantities of vinegar may result in adverse effects like stomach discomfort or burning in the eyes, throat, and skin. This might even occur in people who are not allergic to vinegar (26).
A sensitivity to or intolerance to vinegar can result in many of the same symptoms as other food allergies, while not being a real allergy. The most typical signs and symptoms include stomach ache, hives, asthma, and hives.
How long does it take for apple cider vinegar to eradicate a mole?
Not every mole reacts to this therapy in the same manner. The mole may change color or texture. It might become dry and resemble a scab. It might change to black or another color.
You must exercise patience at this point. Never pick a mole or a scab that appears. Observe how it naturally comes off. Your risk of infection and scarring can increase if you remove your scab too soon.
The skin under the mole may be lighter or pinkish when it sheds. For a week or two, you can use some kind of moisturizer to this area.
For a few weeks, be careful not to expose this new skin to the sun. This skin type will be quite vulnerable to sunburn.
What effects does apple cider vinegar have on the body of women?
Probiotics and antioxidants in apple cider vinegar (ACV) make it a rich source of nutrients that are beneficial for women’s health.
Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is rich in nutrients that are helpful for your health because it contains probiotics and antioxidants.
Apple juice is fermented to create ACV. Bacteria or yeasts interact with the natural sugars during the process to convert them to alcohol and subsequently vinegar. Acetic acid and polyphenolic chemicals are the two main active ingredients.
ACV comes in a variety of varieties, but only raw, unfiltered, or unpasteurized ACV has the “mother,” or murky stuff that floats in the bottle. This by-product of fermentation is very healthy for the body.
health benefits of apple cider vinegar for women
- ACV helps alleviate bloating, cramping, and irritability brought by by PMS or painful periods.
- Controls blood sugar: After a starchy meal, ACV may be able to control blood sugar levels.
- Fighting dandruff: Spraying diluted ACV on the scalp is thought to help with flaking, irritation, and itching. The pH of the scalp is altered by the acetic acid, which makes it more difficult for yeast to grow.
- Kills body odor: It is thought that ACV eliminates odor-causing bacteria and balances the pH of the skin to avoid unpleasant body odor.
- Aids in weight loss: According to research, apple cider vinegar can make you feel fuller longer, which in turn curbs your appetite. You may consume less calories as a result.
- Enhances digestion: Taking ACV before eating meals high in protein may assist to enhance digestion. By raising stomach acids, ACV also raises the activity of the protein-degrading enzyme pepsin.
- Controls cholesterol: Some research suggests that ACV may aid in reducing triglyceride and total cholesterol levels, which can result in catastrophic illnesses including heart attack or stroke.
- Improves the health of the hair and skin: Diluting apple cider vinegar (ACV) can be used as a hair rinse to encourage lustrous hair, and ACV toners may be used to treat acne.
- Benefits of antioxidants: Apple cider vinegar’s polyphenols and vitamins provide defense against oxidative damage brought on by free radicals, which is linked to early aging and the development of cancer.
Precautions to take with apple cider vinegar
ACV should be diluted before usage because it is so intensely acidic. Some advise consuming it before meals after diluting it with 240 mL of water. ACV should also not be used straight to the skin since it may harm it.
Consult your doctor before using ACV for medical reasons so that you are informed of any potential risks or adverse effects.