Most pregnant women can safely consume any of the eight nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) if they are used in moderation and do not contribute to excessive weight gain.
Nonetheless, sugar replacements can be a bit of a mixed bag for pregnant women. Artificial sweeteners, in particular, may increase your baby’s chance of being overweight later in life, despite the fact that they are generally considered safe.
To fully comprehend how artificial sweeteners and sugar replacements effect a baby’s growth in pregnancy, more research is required. Here’s all you need to know about the many artificial sweeteners and sugar alternatives you’ll see on food and beverage labels. Here are several examples:
Aspartame (Equal, NutraSweet) during pregnancy
Aspartame is safe to take during pregnancy and breastfeeding, according to the FDA. A package or two of the blue stuff now and then is alright (so yes, a small piece of sugarless gum is safe) — just don’t consume huge amounts of it during pregnancy, and avoid it entirely if you have phenylketonuria (PKU), a rare hereditary illness. If you have high levels of phenylalanine in your blood, your doctor may advise you to avoid aspartame.
Sucralose (Splenda) during pregnancy
Sucralose is safe to consume for everyone, even pregnant women, according to the FDA. It’s sugar, in a way. At least, that’s how it starts off before being chemically transformed into a form that your body won’t be able to absorb, making it sweet vengeance (it’s calorie-free). Sucralose has been approved for use in baked goods, so you may satisfy your sugar-free chocolate cake cravings while pregnant! Non-alcoholic beverages, chewing gum, coffee and tea goods, frostings, frozen dairy desserts, fruit juices, and sweet sauces all include it. Before you go crazy eating all of these delectable goodies, keep in mind that everything should be done in proportion.
Stevia during pregnancy
Stevia is a calorie-free sweetener made from the leaves of a South American bush. It’s a nutritionist favorite that’s commonly utilized in soft drinks and juices in the form of packets, drops, or even plants. Steviol glycosides, which are compounds extracted from the stevia leaf and utilized as novel sweeteners, are generally acknowledged as safe by the FDA, but stevia has not been approved as a nonnutritive sweetener; it is classified as a dietary supplement. Although experts claim that stevia does not pose the same risks of sweet addiction as other artificial sweeteners (it does not elevate blood sugar or have any negative effects on taste buds), you should see your doctor before taking it.
Saccharin (Sweet ‘N Low, Necta Sweet) during pregnancy
Even though the FDA considers saccharin to be safe for use by the general population, it may raise the risk of bladder cancers in children who are exposed to it while still in the womb. Saccharin has been outlawed as an artificial sweetener in various nations. Saccharin can pass the placenta and persist in the tissues of the newborn, according to the American Dietetic Association (ADA), and the long-term effects, if any, are unknown. Although it isn’t utilized as extensively as it once was, it can still be found in a variety of dishes and beverages. If at all possible, pregnant women should avoid this artificial sweetener.
Sorbitol during pregnancy
Sorbitol, a nutritive sweetener, is safe for pregnant women. While sorbitol won’t harm your baby, it can cause stomach distress and diarrhea in big doses, which is something no pregnant woman wants (diarrhea during pregnancy, besides being uncomfortable, can interfere with the absorption of vital nutrients, plus lead to dehydration). Furthermore, sorbitol has more calories than other sugar alternatives and, if used in excess, might lead to excessive pregnancy weight gain.
Xylitol during pregnancy
Xylitol, a sugar alcohol found in chewing gum, toothpaste, and candies, is deemed safe in modest levels during pregnancy. So a few of pieces of xylitol-sweetened gum every day is good, but you might not want to chew through five. Xylitol has 40 percent fewer calories than pure sugar (sucrose) and has been proved to help reduce tooth decay, which is great if it’s in your toothpaste!
Neotame (Newtame) during pregnancy
Neotame is a non-nutritive sweetener that the FDA approved in 2002 for use in foods as a “general purpose sweetener and flavor enhancer” (except in meat and poultry). It’s safe for everyone, even pregnant women, and many baked items use it as a sugar substitute.
Tagatose during pregnancy
Because of how it’s manufactured, tagatose is also regarded as an unique sweetener. (It’s made from lactose in dairy products… see what I mean?) “where does the word “tose” come from now?) Tagatose is classified as a sugar by the FDA “The phrase “generally recognized as safe” (GRAS) refers to a chemical that has been found to be safe for everyone, including pregnant women.
Cyclamate during pregnancy
No, the artificial sweetener cyclamate was outlawed in the United States in 1970 after being related to cancer, but it is still used in many other nations. If you’re traveling internationally, keep this in mind!
Adventame during pregnancy
Adventame is 100 times sweeter than aspartame, making it a delicious sweetener! The FDA approved advantame as a non-nutritive sweetener and taste enhancer in meals in the United States in 2014, with the exception of meat and fowl. In moderation, it is safe to consume during pregnancy.
Mannitol during pregnancy
Although mannitol has fewer calories than sugar, it is poorly absorbed by the human body. It’s harmless in moderation, just like sorbitol, though too much can induce gastrointestinal trouble.
Fruit juice concentrates during pregnancy
Because fruit juice concentrates are liquid, switching them for granulated sugar in recipes requires a little finesse, but it’s completely safe (and with delicious results). You’ll need to find recipes that call for a lot of liquid and then substitute the juice concentrate for both the liquid and the sugar. For example, white grape juice concentrate has a sweeter, less fruity flavor and will bake up to taste like sugar. Fruit juice concentrates can also be found in cookies, cereals, granola bars, toaster pastries, yogurt, and even soft beverages. They’re also more likely to have healthy ingredients than sugary treats.
Monk fruit extract during pregnancy
Yes, a little green gourd growing in Southern China has made its way to the United States. The FDA has classed it as “generally recognized as safe,” or GRAS, because it comes from the Siraitia grosvenorii Swingle fruit extracts. It’s 150 to 200 times sweeter than sugar and has no calories, but it’s expensive due to import expenses and difficult to come by in the United States.
Coconut sugar during pregnancy
Coconut sugar, a natural sweetener, is safe to use as a sugar alternative during pregnancy. It’s also known as coconut palm sugar and has a brown sugar-like appearance with little lumps. Coconut sugar is now widely regarded as a healthier and more natural substitute for refined sugar (sucrose), high-fructose corn syrup, and artificial sweeteners.
What artificial sweeteners are safe during pregnancy?
The FDA has approved six sweeteners: aspartame (NutraSweet and Equal), sucralose (Splenda), saccharin (Sweet’N Low), acesulfame potassium, neotame, and advantame. Except for saccharin, all of these are deemed safe to use in moderation during pregnancy.
No indication of birth deformities or other detrimental effects on pregnancy has been found in high-quality research in pregnant animals using any of these sweeteners.
However, artificially sweetened foods and drinks are often devoid of nutrients, which is a health concern for pregnant women. You won’t reap the benefits of more healthy foods and beverages if you fill up on diet Coke or sweet foods.
Aspartame (Equal, NutraSweet) and pregnancy
During pregnancy, aspartame is deemed safe. It also isn’t secreted in breast milk, so you won’t pass it on to your baby if you’re breastfeeding.
However, aspartame may cause a headache in some people. Don’t worry: neither you nor your kid will be harmed. However, for your personal comfort, you may wish to avoid aspartame.
However, there is one category of women who should avoid using aspartame during pregnancy: Phenylketonuria is an uncommon hereditary illness that affects women (PKU). These ladies are deficient in an enzyme that permits them to digest the amino acid phenylalanine, which is used to make aspartame. They may develop excessive levels of phenylalanine in their blood if they consume aspartame, which can lead to birth abnormalities.
Sucralose (Splenda) and pregnancy
Sucralose is a calorie-free sweetener that is manufactured from regular table sugar. It’s thought to be safe to take when pregnant. Animal studies demonstrate that high levels of exposure do not raise the incidence of birth abnormalities or pregnancy complications.
Saccharin (Sweet ‘N Low, Necta Sweet) and pregnancy
Saccharin should be avoided during pregnancy, according to experts. It’s unclear whether using this sweetener is safe because it can cross the placenta and remain in your baby’s tissue. Large levels of saccharin were found to induce bladder cancer in lab rats in the 1970s, especially in male rats. However, further human research have failed to find a conclusive association.
Don’t panic if you eat food that contains saccharin by accident. Small amounts will not harm your child. However, because it has been demonstrated to be present in breast milk, it should be avoided if you are nursing.
Stevia and pregnancy
Another sugar alternative is stevia, which is a “natural” sweetener made from the stevia plant. It’s “generally regarded as safe” by the FDA in a highly refined form (Rebaudioside A, commercialized as Truvia, Purevia, and Enliten). This indicates that, despite the FDA’s lack of formal approval, the substance has been confirmed to be safe when used as intended.
However, keep in mind that not all “natural” or plant-derived products are suitable for usage. The FDA, for example, considers whole-leaf stevia and unprocessed stevia extracts to be unsafe due to concerns about their effects on blood sugar, kidneys, reproductive, and cardiovascular systems. It’s advisable to stay away from them when you’re pregnant.
Other artificial sweeteners during pregnancy
Sweeteners like sorbitol and xylitol, which are ubiquitous in sugar-free candies and chewing gum, are safe to consume during pregnancy. However, in excessive quantities, they can induce gastrointestinal issues like bloating and diarrhea. Limit yourself to less than five grams each day, which is about four to five sugar-free gum sticks.
Acesulfame potassium (Ace-K) is a high-intensity sweetener found in sweets, gums, beverages, desserts, and dairy product mixes. It does cross the placenta, and research on its safety is limited. According to one animal study, newborns who were exposed to acesulfame potassium through amniotic fluid exhibited a greater appetite for sweets than those who were not. But only at really large doses.
In 2014, the FDA authorized a novel sugar substitute called advantame. It’s 100 times sweeter than aspartame and manufactured from aspartame and vanillin. It’s deemed safe to use during pregnancy, much like the other sweeteners. Despite the fact that it includes aspartame, it is deemed safe for women with PKU because it only contains trace levels of phenylalanine.
Is sugar alcohol safe for babies?
4 Dose-response studies have shown that consuming a lot of commercial sugar alcohols might cause gastrointestinal problems such flatulence, cramps, and diarrhea. Sugar alcohols added to processed meals are usually not items that should be served to youngsters.
Can you eat sugar substitute while pregnant?
Sugar-free food consumption is on the rise, thanks to decreased calorie counts and growing public concern about the health consequences of high-sugar diets.
Non-nutritive sweeteners, such as different natural and manufactured food additives, are substantially sweeter than sucrose and are frequently substituted for sugar. Artificial sweeteners like aspartame and stevia, a natural low-calorie sweetener produced from a South American plant, are 200-400 times sweeter than sugar.
Natural and artificial sweeteners, as well as sugar alternatives, are safe to ingest during pregnancy, according to current dietary recommendations. However, a new study published in the journal Gut casts doubt on this result.
Dr. Raylene Reimer’s research found that low-calorie sweetener consumption by pregnant and nursing mothers is associated to increased body fat in their children. The study also discovered changes in their gut microbiota, which is made up of billions of bacteria and other microorganisms that live in our intestines and influence our health and illness risk.
“Low-calorie sweeteners are deemed safe to eat during pregnancy and lactation,” said Dr. Reimer of the University of Calgary. “However, evidence from human research suggests they may raise body weight and other cardiovascular risk factors.”
“Even stevia, which is regarded as a natural alternative to aspartame and other low-calorie artificial sweeteners, had a similar effect on increasing offspring obesity risk in early life,” the researchers wrote.
A healthier future for mother and child?
Low-calorie sweetener usage is mostly motivated by health concerns in reaction to rising obesity rates. However, Dr. Reimer cautioned that the opposite could be true.
Daily consumption was associated to ‘big infants’ and early menstruation in girls under the age of ten, which is a known risk factor for chronic diseases.
According to the study, some – but not all – non-nutritive sweeteners have been discovered in breastmilk, posing a potential method of transmission.
“Understanding the impact of dietary elements on maternal metabolism and gut microbiota may aid in the definition of the optimal maternal diet, one that promotes a healthier future for both mother and child,” Dr. Reimer asserted.
The researchers admitted that their knowledge of the effects of sweeteners on weight gain is ‘incomplete,’ but that there is’reason to suspect’ that changes in the gut microbiome play a ‘key role.’
A faecal transplant was employed in this animal investigation to demonstrate the direct impact of changed gut microbiota on increased obesity risk. Transplanting feces from low-calorie sweetener-consuming mothers’ pups into sterile, germ-free mice caused the mice to gain weight and have poor blood glucose control. Despite the fact that the offspring had never consumed the sweeteners, the researchers found that alterations in the mothers’ microbiota and metabolism were enough to alter the microbiome of their kids and cause obesity.
Maternal exposure to sweeteners ‘does not increase’ body weight: ISA
The International Sweeteners Association (ISA) stated that “aggregate evidence” demonstrates that low- and no-calorie sweetener consumption during pregnancy and nursing does not cause children to gain weight.
A spokeswoman cited the findings of a recent meta-analysis of animal research published in the journal Physiology and Behaviour, which stated: “Consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners during pregnancy and/or breastfeeding lowered dams’ and offspring’s body weight.”
According to a spokeswoman for the ISA, FoodNavigator: “The latter comprehensive evaluation looked at all of the research that looked at the metabolic and behavioral effects of low/no calorie sweetener intake during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It cited a body of studies demonstrating that maternal exposure to low/no calorie sweeteners in the diet has no effect on offspring’s body weight.
“Furthermore, the claims… that the effects of low/no calorie sweeteners, particularly aspartame, on the gut microbiota played a causal role in mediating adverse body composition outcomes are neither supported by current data nor explainable by aspartame’s well-known metabolic fate in the human body.”
Aspartame is digested and absorbed in the small intestine, according to the ISA, which means “neither aspartame nor its metabolites ever reach the colon for potential direct interaction with, or effects on, the human gut microbiota.”
“Overall, high-dose, long-term studies show that low/no calorie sweeteners have no negative impact on gut function or health, and recent evaluations of the published literature show that low/no calorie sweeteners have no negative impact on the gut microbiota at dosages relevant to human use.”
While low and no calorie sweeteners aren’t a “magic bullet,” they are a “easy” way to cut calories and sugar intake, according to the ISA.
Buying research bias?
Because the majority of studies downplays the impact of low-calorie sweeteners on the microbiome, Robert Verkerk, founder, executive, and scientific director of the Alliance for Natural Health, questioned the conclusion that intake must have little or no impact.
“The food industry has long been a party to supporting biased research that serves its business aims,” he told this outlet, citing a 2007 report published in PLoS One by professor David Ludwig’s team from Boston’s Children’s Hospital.
The analysis looked at 206 nutritional research with or without industry financing that looked at the health consequences of soft drinks, fruit juices, and milk. Sponsorship bias was shown to be “as common in the food business as it is in the pharmaceutical sector,” with benefit reported in 32 percent of interventional trials supported by food/drink firms, compared to zero in those not funded by industry.
“The food and beverage sector is struggling to come to terms with the fast growing body of scientific information linking artificial sweeteners to health risks.” It continues to promote these calorie-free or low-calorie alternatives, avoiding any hint that they may not help individuals lose weight or lower their diabetes risk while also being potentially dangerous.
“A growing body of research suggests that artificial sweeteners raise the risk of metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and glucose tolerance, all of which are contributing causes to the obesity and type 2 diabetes epidemics.”
‘In rat dams and their offspring, maternal low-dose aspartame and stevia consumption combined with an obesogenic diet changes metabolism, gut microbiota, and the mesolimbic reward system.’
Jodi E Nettleton, Nicole A Cho, Teja Klancic, Alissa C Nicolucci, Jane Shearer, Stephanie L Borgland, Leah A Johnston, Hena R Ramay, Erin Noye Tuplin, Faye Chleilat, Carolyn Thomson, Shyamchand Mayengbam, Kathy D McCoy, Raylene A Reimer, Stephanie L Borgland, Leah A Johnston, Hena R
A systematic study and meta-analysis of rat models to examine the metabolic and behavioral effects of prenatal exposure to non-nutritive sweeteners.
Findings from Nutrition-Related Scientific Articles on the Relationship Between Funding Source and Conclusion
Is erythritol pregnancy safe?
There are numerous ways to sweeten your meals and beverages. Many pregnant women are instinctively apprehensive of erythritol and other man-made sweetener alternatives.
Erythritol, like many other sweeteners on the market today, is classed as “generally regarded as safe” by the FDA and the World Health Organization, and is considered safe during pregnancy when used in moderation.
Check out our articles on honey, sucralose, and aspartame for more information on these and other sweeteners.
Can a pregnant woman drink Powerade Zero?
You can approach Powerade the same way you would Gatorade when it comes to pregnancy safety and preventing nausea and morning sickness, which includes all of the questions mentioned above.
Powerade, like Gatorade, is safe to drink during pregnancy and may aid with morning sickness or nausea.
The differences between the two beverages are negligible from a scientific standpoint. Although different sweeteners are utilized, the carb and sugar composition is similar.
Although Powerade contains some B vitamins, the dosages aren’t high enough to be beneficial during pregnancy (source: Powerade Official Site).
Although Gatorade may be slightly better at replenishing salt (source: Washington University Faculty), this is usually mainly an issue for persons who are rehydrating after hard activity, not pregnant women.
Powerade is similar to Gatorade in that you can choose a taste with less sugar and calories. Powerade Zero is the “best” Powerade to drink during pregnancy because it contains no sugar and has less calories.
However, it still contains artificial sweeteners like sucralose, thus, like Gatorade, it should only be used if you can’t stomach water.
Can I drink stevia while pregnant?
Artificial sweeteners are used to mimic the sweetness of sugar in foods and beverages without the calories. In the supermarket, there are many different brands to choose from. Artificial sweeteners aren’t necessary for good health. If you do decide to incorporate them into your diet, utilize the information below to select one that is safe for your child. Furthermore, some persons have reported sensitivities to a variety of artificial sweeteners, even ones that are considered safe during pregnancy. If you think you’re having an allergic reaction to an artificial sweetener, stop taking it and get advice from your doctor or a nutritionist.
Aspartame is considered safe for both pregnant women and developing infants by the FDA and the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition. Dietitians at BWH Nutrition Consult Service/OB-GYN advise that aspartame-containing foods be consumed in no more than 1-2 servings per day.
Saccharin should not be consumed during pregnancy. It’s a mild carcinogen that makes its way across the placenta.
Stevia is a natural sweetener derived from a South American plant. It is safe to use stevia when pregnant.
Sucralose is a low-calorie sweetener created by chemically altering ordinary table sugar. Sucralose does not pass the placenta, therefore it is safe to take during pregnancy.
The Brigham Obstetrics and Gynecology Group’s Substances of Concern During Pregnancy information sheet is available in pdf format.
What do sugar alcohols do to the body?
Sugar alcohols also give texture to dishes, help them maintain moisture, and keep them from browning when heated. Sugar alcohols, unfortunately, have certain drawbacks. When sugar alcohols are used in large quantities, the most typical negative effects include bloating and diarrhea.
Can my baby have erythritol?
Erythritol, xylitol, stevia leaf extracts, and neotame are the best and safest sugar substitutes—with a few caveats:
- Large amounts of this sugar alcohol (greater than roughly 40 or 50 grams or 10 or 12 teaspoons) can produce nausea, but lesser amounts are OK. (Sensitivities differ from person to person.) Erythritol, which is found in small amounts in various fruits, is around 60 to 70% sweeter than table sugar and contains only one-twentieth the calories. Erythritol, unlike the high-potency sweeteners, has the heft and “mouthfeel” of sugar.
- Xylitol: This sugar alcohol found in birch and other plants is nearly as sweet as table sugar but has only about a third of the calories. Too much xylitol (about 30–40 grams or 7–10 teaspoons, depending on sensitivity) might cause constipation and/or gastrointestinal irritation.
- Stevia leaf extracts: Stevia leaves have been taken in Japan for a long time, and we consider the extracts generated from those leaves to be safe, however more safety testing (particularly long-term cancer tests) is needed. That’s because, despite the fact that several stevia-related compounds induced DNA mutations and other abnormalities in short-term tests, stevia has only been examined for cancer in one species (rat) rather than the two normally suggested.
- Neotame: This is also one of the safest sugar alternatives, although its use is limited due to taste issues.
If you discover that different sugar alternatives taste better in different foods, have a few on hand. However, while any sweetener can be used in a chilled beverage, you’ll need a sweetener that can withstand the heat for baking (not aspartame). To make up for the volume of missing sugar, you may need to use xylitol or a sugar-substitute product that includes maltodextrin (made from cornstarch) or another bulking ingredient in baking. (Maltodextrin is completely harmless.)
Sucralose comes with a warning label. The same group that discovered that aspartame causes cancer also discovered that sucralose causes leukemia in animals exposed to it from birth, but has yet to publish its findings.
Aspartame is at the top of our list of sugar alternatives to avoid since it has been linked to cancer in three separate studies with lab rats and mice. A substance that has been demonstrated to cause cancer in animals should be expected to represent a cancer risk to humans, according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer and government agencies around the world.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) should ban aspartame based on these studies. We also advise against using saccharin due to conflicting evidence from human and animal research that it may raise the risk of cancer. Acesulfame-potassium (acesulfame-K) is also on our “avoid” list because two industry-sponsored studies in rats conducted in the 1970s revealed it could cause cancer, and it lacks high-quality, modern-day safety research.
Because their bodies are still developing and they have a longer time to exhibit a condition like cancer with a long latency period, it is especially vital for youngsters to avoid eating any drugs that may pose a risk of cancer or other chronic effects. As a result, we advise parents to keep their kids away from aspartame, acesulfame-K, cyclamate (available in Canada), saccharin, and sucralose.
Erythritol is one of the safest sugar replacements for kids, yet too much might cause nausea. The other sugar alcohols are safe for children in little amounts, but too much can induce diarrhea. Neotame, despite its infrequent use, appears to be safe.
We advise pregnant women to make a concerted effort to avoid artificial sweeteners, as two Scandinavian studies have linked artificially sweetened beverages to pre-term birth. Although aspartame and acesulfame-K are the most extensively used artificial sweeteners in those nations, the research were unable to distinguish between them.
Sugar replacements have no carbohydrates and, according to most research, do not raise blood sugar levels (saccharin may be an exception for some people). Even if they claim to be “sugar-free,” “reduced sugar,” or “no sugar added,” foods containing them are not necessarily carbohydrate-free or low in carbohydrates.
On food containers, always read the Nutrition Facts panel and the ingredient list. Bulking agents like dextrose and maltodextrin may be present in sugar replacements sold as table-top sweeteners, for example. These components provide a modest quantity of carbohydrate to the dish (and calories).
Sugar alcohols do supply calories, although not as much as sugar, and have a lower blood sugar effect than other carbs. Drinks, sweets, and other items containing sugar alternatives may still include a lot of calories, so read the label carefully. If you consume a lot of these goods, the calories might quickly pile up.
People with phenylketonuria (PKU), a rare genetic condition, have a hard time metabolizing phenylalanine, which is found in both aspartame and advantame, and should avoid it. PKU is checked on all newborn newborns. To help patients with PKU avoid aspartame, the FDA requires that all packaged foods containing it be labeled “PHENYLKETONURICS: CONTAINS PHENYLALANINE.” Because advantame is so much sweeter than aspartame, a lot less amount is used, and hence the FDA does not need that disclaimer on goods containing advantame.
Consumers can report non-emergency adverse reactions to FDA-regulated items, such as food and food additives like sugar replacements, through a program called MedWatch. The FDA suggests that people contact their state’s FDA Consumer Complaint Coordinator. The phone number can be found on the FDA’s website.
If you think you’re having an allergic response to a sugar replacement or another food ingredient, keep track of what you consume, when you eat it, and what symptoms you have and when you have them. This, along with reading food labels carefully, may help you figure out what’s causing the reaction and avoid the problematic item.
Does erythritol have sugar alcohol?
Erythritol (ear-RITH-ri-tall) has been around since the time of grapes, peaches, pears, watermelon, and mushrooms. A sugar alcohol is a type of carbohydrate that is used as a sugar replacement.
Some foods naturally contain erythritol. It’s also created when fermented foods like wine, beer, and cheese are consumed.
Since 1990, erythritol has been available as a man-made sweetener in addition to its natural form. It’s sold alongside other sugar alternatives in supermarkets and on the internet.
It’s also sold in bulk to companies that use it to sweeten or thicken foods and drinks that are low in calories or sugar-free. It’s frequently combined with sugar substitutes like aspartame, stevia, and Truvia to make products sweeter.
Calories. Erythritol provides 0 calories per gram, whereas sugar has four. That’s because it’s swiftly absorbed by your small intestine and excreted through urine within 24 hours. This means that erythritol does not have a chance to “metabolize,” or convert into energy, in your body.
Safety. Despite the fact that erythritol is one of the younger sugar alcohols on the market (xylitol and mannitol have been around longer), it has been studied extensively in both animals and humans. Erythritol was approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1999 and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2001.
It’s also suitable for diabetics. Erythritol has no influence on the levels of glucose or insulin. If you have diabetes, this makes it a safe sugar replacement. Foods containing erythritol may still contain carbohydrates, calories, or fat, so read the label carefully.
How much food can I consume? Although there are no formal guidelines for utilizing erythritol, most people can tolerate 1 gram per kilogram of body weight on a daily basis. If you weigh 150 pounds, 68 grams of erythritol per day, or more than 13 teaspoons, is tolerable.
What it’s used for. Erythritol can be used in the same way as sugar. It’s excellent to add it to coffee or tea, to sprinkle on grapefruit, or to bake with. Because it’s a sugar substitute rather than real sugar, baked goods may have a different flavor or consistency than you’re used to.
Is sugar alcohol safe for breastfeeding?
The LactMed database at the National Library of Medicine contains information on all of the sweeteners mentioned in this article.
When eaten, sugar alcohols like as sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol can induce diarrhea, however there is no evidence that they are detected in breastmilk. Because aspartame is broken down in the maternal stomach into aspartic acid and phenylalanine, which are amino acids, it is not found in breastmilk.
According to early study, a high-fructose maternal diet may cause breastfed infants to gain weight and fat mass. The amount of fructose in breastmilk increases when women ingest high-fructose foods or beverages. This is not the case with glucose, as maternal insulin quickly returns the maternal glucose level to normal following glucose administration. Insulin does not have the same effect on fructose as it does on glucose.
Furthermore, increasing the sweetness of breastmilk by the use of artificial or natural sweeteners in the maternal diet may increase the risk of eventual obesity. This could be mediated in part by the sweeteners altering the gut bacteria.
To reduce the risk of childhood obesity, it may be time to raise awareness of maternal sweetener intake, particularly fructose sweeteners.