Why Use 00 Flour?

A 00 flour has an incredibly fine texture that creates a thin crust that is incredibly soft and tasty. The number denotes how finely the flour was milled. It is created from soft wheat flour of the highest caliber, which has been carefully milled for the best yield and water absorption.

Does the grade of flour matter?

Since 00 wheat is so fine, it creates a finer, more responsive dough that won’t tear when you roll it into long, thin spaghetti strips or form it into a crisp pizza base. It’s worth trying again with some 00 if you’ve attempted any of these approaches with all-purpose flour and gave up in irritation because the dough kept tearing instead of stretching; you might be amazed by how much simpler it is.

Italian pizzerias also favor 00 flour due to the superior gluten content. In actuality, the levels of gluten in 00 and bread flour, which is frequently used to create pizza in the US, are comparable, but because they are frequently prepared from several varieties of wheat, the gluten in each one behaves slightly differently.

Red wheat is typically used to manufacture bread flour because it produces strong, elastic gluten, which results in a base that is chewy and bread-like. The characteristic thin and crispy Neapolitan crust is prepared from 00 flour, which is made from durum wheat, which produces gluten that is robust but not very elastic.

Your pizza crust should be cooked fast at very high temperatures for that ideal, crispy, flaky quality to get the most out of it. If you have a backyard wood-fired pizza oven, that is great. If not, try baking your pizza in a hot cast-iron pan.

What is the best use for 00 flour?

Wheat flour that has been finely milled is known as “00 flour” or “double-zero flour” and is frequently used to make authentic Neapolitan pizza dough. High-temperature baking in wood-fired ovens produces a crust that is moderately chewy but also crispy and crackly.

Is 00 flour preferable to all-purpose flour?

The behavior of the gluten in each flour, in addition to the degree of grind, is another significant distinction between “00 flour and all-purpose flour. While the gluten in red wheat flour is both robust and elastic, the gluten in durum wheat flour tends to be stronger but not as elastic. This means that when using durum wheat, our breads and pasta will have a wonderful bite but less chew. Therefore, when used in pizza dough along with bread flour, 00 flour produces a chewy, crispy crust—the ideal combination!

All things considered, using all-purpose flour in place of “00 flour is often OK. If you were raised in Europe or are highly familiar with products made from “00 flour, you’ll feel a texture change, but all of your recipes will still turn out perfectly.

Why is 00 flour required for pizza?

There will always be disagreements over whether it is feasible to create a delicious pizza in a home oven without the 1,000° fire that burns inside the top pizzerias. We think it’s definitely possible, therefore let’s move on to the next issue: is it accurate to say that the sort of flour you use has just as much bearing as the oven? If our test kitchen experience is any indication, all flours are most definitely not created equal when it comes to creating pizza. The perfect pizza crust is thinner in the center and has a slightly inflated rim for that essential crunch. When testing the pizza margherita recipe, we developed a strong affection for Caputo 00, an Italian flour that has been called the “grand don” or “Godfather of flours.”

Due to its fine grinding and lower gluten concentration than most flours, Caputo 00 flour is perfect for making pizza dough. Italian flours are categorized by numbers based on how finely they are ground, starting with the coarsest “tipo1 and ending with the finest “00. The “00 denotes the texture of the flour. The elasticity you experience when you bite into a crunchy loaf of bread is due to gluten, a naturally occurring protein that is left over after the starch in wheat grains is removed. Less flexibility will be present in your dough as the protein content of the flour, gluten, and gluten all decrease (cake flour has the lowest gluten level). Different wheat strands are chosen for processing in order to control the amount of gluten produced; for example, high-gluten bread flour is produced from wheat with 14–15% gluten. While this is going on, the Caputo 00 is created using a selection of the best grains the Caputo family has been able to locate to give your dough just the right amount of stretch at 12.5% gluten.

What does “Double Zero Mean?

Wheat flours are divided into different categories in America and many other nations according on how much protein they contain. The classification is carried out a little differently in Italy and a few other European nations; it is based on how finely ground the flour is and how much of the germ and bran have been removed.

Italian grades are divided into 2, 1, 0, and 00. Since Type 2 has the coarsest grinding, it contains the most germ and bran. The grind gets finer and more bran and germ are eliminated as you travel down the system. The most refined flour is double zero, often known as doppio zero or 00 flour. Its silky soft texture is reminiscent of baby powder.

One of the most widely available brands in America, Caputo type 00, is sometimes regarded as the industry benchmark. Many chefs all around the world use it, especially those in Naples, where pizza is thought to have been invented. It is intended for household ovens with temperatures between 450 and 500F. If you have a higher-temperature oven, you might want to try their Pizzeria flour, which is made for 700F or higher ovens.

Is Double Zero Flour High in Protein?

Things start to become a little hazy at this point. Depending on the wheat variety, 00 flour’s protein level can change. You may usually find the term “soft wheat” or “hard wheat” on packets of 00 flour. American consumers can typically get soft wheat flours derived from durum wheat. They can have anywhere between 11.5% and 12.5% protein, depending on the brand.

Durum wheat has a high protein content and produces extremely potent gluten. This gluten is less elastic than that found in other types of wheat, though. As a result, the baked food you receive won’t have the prolonged chew you would get from a more elastic gluten, but it will still have a solid structure and bite to it.

How Is it Different from All-Purpose Flour?

Although American all-purpose flour and British plain flour both have about the same amount of protein as 00 flour, you’ll typically notice some variances in the completed baked good’s texture. Hard and soft wheat, frequently durum and red wheat, are combined to create all-purpose flour. This enables the manufacturer to obtain a blend with a certain protein content that results in more elastic gluten. This implies that an all-purpose flour pizza crust will be chewier.

Can You Substitute All-Purpose for 00 Flour?

Yes, you can, is the clear-cut response. When 00 flour is called for in a recipe, all-purpose flour is frequently called for as a replacement. There shouldn’t be any issues utilizing it in your preferred homemade cake, but the all-purpose will have a little chewier texture.

Taste of Home

Though 00 flour could be a little more difficult to locate, you should be able to acquire some at a reputable Italian grocery store. But expect to pay a little bit extra in the end. Does it merit it? Making your own pizza crust is well worth the cost.

The benefits of using 00 flour for pasta.

Although both semola and 00 flour are made from wheat, their flavor and texture are very different. Italians categorize various flours according on how finely they have been ground. While “00” flour is a considerably finer powder, “1” flour is wheat flour with bigger particles and a coarser texture.

Wheat flour designated as “00” is soft and ideal for baking, especially cakes and crumbly pastries.

Due to its texture and granular nature, soft wheat flour can also be used for pasta. It is the best flour for ravioli pasta in addition to being perfect for softer pasta shapes like tagliatelle. A delicate flavor is necessary for these delicate packets so as not to overpower their decadent fillings.

Although 00 flour isn’t the most accessible kind of flour, there are a number of places to buy it. You may either order it online or find it at most specialty grocery stores. If you want to make truly authentic pasta, it’s worth the effort to buy 00 wheat, which is used in kitchens all around Italy.

Do you actually prefer 00 flour for pizza?

If you’ve been baking pizza for even a brief period of time, you’ve probably heard about 00, or Tipo 00, flour. But why is 00 flour chosen above conventional all-purpose flour, and what exactly is it?

The fineness of the granules of Tipo 00 wheat makes it the ideal flour for pizza. Tipo 00 flour is an Italian milled flour that has been finely ground; it is ideal for pizza because the minute grains provide a light and airy crust. Finding the ideal sort of tipo 00 flour for your preferred type of pizza is simple because it is available in many different protein and gluten varieties.

Tipo 00 flours come in a wide variety, and they aren’t all that similar, despite what many cooking blogs would have you assume.

In reality, a lot of reliable food blogs assert that 00 flour has “poor protein, which really just shows a basic misunderstanding of this sort of flour. This confusion results from the fact that American flours are rated according to their protein level, but European flours are ranked according to how finely the grains are crushed. In reality, there are numerous protein content variations of tipo 00 flour.

Let’s discuss what Tipo 00 flour is, why it’s the greatest flour for pizza, and how to choose the best kind of Tipo 00 flour for the type of pizza you enjoy in order to help dispel these misconceptions.

Does rising with 00 flour take longer?

Using both flours to make pizza dough yields comparable results. The Caputo 00 Flour has been ground much finer than All Purpose Flour, which is the primary distinction between these two flours.

Additionally, the protein content of these flours varies. Compared to all-purpose flour, 00 Flour has a higher protein level, making the dough simpler to work with and more elastic.

However, compared to using the other flour, the all-purpose flour dough will still be simple to use, but it may require more kneading to become as elastic and stretchy.

Compared to all-purpose flour and bread flour dough, Caputo 00 Flour enables you to roll your dough much thinner.

That doesn’t mean you couldn’t roll such doughs thin, but you can roll them even thinner with Caputo 00 Flour. Instead of tearing, this dough extends to the desired size and shape.

Your pizza will have a different texture if you use all-purpose flour instead of 00 flour. Dough made with 00 flour rises and proves more slowly.

This is so that the dough can rise slowly over an extended period of time when using this flour.

How much flour is used by Domino’s?

A modest amount of salt, yeast, oil, and enriched flour are ingredients in the majority of our pizza dough recipes. The recipes for our Brooklyn, Hand Tossed, and Handmade Pan pizza crusts call for those items. Wheat and malted barley are added to normal flour to make the thin crust pizza dough.

What kind of flour works best for pizza dough?

The majority of all-purpose flour has between 9 and 11% protein and, consequently, between 9 and 11% gluten. Since this proportion falls in the midway of all other flour types, all-purpose flour can be used for just about anything.

Dough produced with all-purpose flour won’t be very flexible and could risk breaking if you’re not careful because it’s neither too high in gluten nor too low.

Is pasta okay to use 00 pizza flour?

The most often used flour in Italian homes is tipo 00, which is used to make egg pasta, pizza dough, and pastries by hand on the kitchen counter. Since this particular flour is low in protein, producing pasta without eggs requires another type of flour.

Tipo 00 flour doesn’t have a lot of protein, making it unsuitable for producing traditional Italian breads. For creating bread and pizza, Italians frequently mix semolina flour and Tipo 00.

Tipo ‘OO’ is an Italian word. Italians refer to the fineness of the milling of the flour using the terms “Tipo O” and “Tipo OO.” The gluten content of Tipo “OO flour can vary from 6% to 12.5%, which is significant. This is because the tender wheat grown in Europe is different. This is the reason why Tipo 00 is frequently labeled as suited for creating pizza and pasta by hand using egg here in America.

Swans Down cake flour makes a wonderful stand-in for Tipo 00 if you can’t find it. This is easily accessible and reasonably priced at many supermarkets in America.

Importantly, because Tipo 00 lacks sufficient amounts of gluten to produce an elastic dough, it is unable to produce what is thought to be the best pasta. However, Tipo 00 is Italy’s preferred flour for baking cakes and pastries. It’s interesting that the flour is really white and smells deliciously creamy rather than being grey like American all-purpose flour.

The ideal flour for pizza?

The protein level of the flour and the desired dough proving periods are the two most important factors to consider when choosing the ideal flour for your pizza.

When wheat proteins in the flour and water combine, gluten is created, which regulates the texture, chewiness, and elasticity of the pizza.

By looking at the nutritional information on the box and identifying the protein level per 100g, you may determine the proportion of protein in flour.

Your flour will produce more gluten the more protein it has. When you shape high-gluten pizza dough, it will be sturdy, elastic, and tear-resistant.

You need to let your dough prove if you want a tasty fluffy crust and base. However, because gluten deteriorates with time, you must sufficiently proof your dough while keeping the gluten from deteriorating.

High-protein flours produce more gluten, which requires more time for proofing. The gluten in your dough will resist molding if you stop the proving process too soon, causing the dough to bounce back into a ball whenever you try to stretch it.

Longer proving times bring advantages, such as puffier crusts and dough that has had more time to ferment and develop flavorful flavors in the foundation of your pizza.

However, since not everyone likes to wait for 24-hour or longer proving times, some of the best pizza flours have lower protein contents and quicker proving times. The flavor of the dough might be constrained, though, and a more fragile pizza crust is probably the result.

To assist you in making your decision, we’ve included four common types of flour below, along with their normal protein contents and suggested proving times.


00 flour is extremely finely ground and frequently praised as the best flour for baking traditional Neapolitan-style pizza with exceptionally puffy crusts. Its protein concentration ranges from medium to high and is normally between 12.5% and 14%. A proving period of one to three days is advised, depending on where your percentage falls.

You won’t likely obtain the greatest results from 00 flour in a regular kitchen oven because dough prepared with it works best when it is cooked over fire rather than electricity.

00 flour is also more difficult to locate than most other flours because it is typically more expensive and is more likely to be found in specialty Italian food stores rather than on the shelves of supermarkets.

Strong white flour

Strong white flour is the preferred option for creating pizza at home and is the go-to flour for baking bread. A 24 hour proving period at room temperature is advised for products containing about 12% protein.

There is also “extremely strong white flour,” which contains 14% more protein overall. A lengthier proving period of at least two days will be required for this.

Whichever variety you choose, allowing your dough a “slow ferment” for two or three days in the refrigerator can help the flavors develop more slowly. This will prolong the gluten’s life and slow the fermentation process, which will result in even richer flavors.

This dough might be challenging to work with due to its high gluten level, so be sure to give it ample time to prove. To avoid molding, let food that has been in the refrigerator come to room temperature.

Plain flour

Plain flour has a low protein concentration of about 9.5%, making it often suitable for baking cakes. It’s a good option if you prefer your pizza base exceptionally crispy and not chewy, but you can’t test it for longer than a few hours because it won’t produce much gluten.

Short proving durations also restrict the bread’s ability to take on nuanced flavors, leaving you with a basic but adequate crust. Plain flour won’t change the world, but it will get the job done.

Wholemeal flour

High-fibre wholemeal flour can be used to make pizza dough if you’re determined to make your pizza healthier. Its 12% protein concentration is comparable to that of strong white flour, hence it is advised to let the dough prove for around 24 hours at room temperature.

However, rather than using only whole wheat flour when baking, use a mixture of whole wheat and strong white flour.

Using only whole wheat flour will produce a flat, solid crust since whole wheat flour is significantly more dense and heavy.

Your typical pizza dough recipe should yield a rich, wholewheat flavor with little to no loss of the desirable texture if you substitute 25% to 40% of the strong white flour with wholemeal flour.