What Is All Purpose Baking Flour?

Wheat flour with a variety of uses is known as all-purpose flour. It is primarily made with hard red wheat or a combination of 80:20 hard and soft wheats. As the name implies, all-purpose flour can be used to make bread, biscuits, pizza, cookies, muffins, and other baked products. Additionally, it thickens sauces and gravies.

All-purpose flour is referred to as plain flour in the UK. If you encounter an American recipe that calls for all-purpose flour, you can substitute plain flour in place of it.

Our high-quality, multipurpose white plain flour is made by milling a variety of soft wheats to a fine consistency and flavorful flavor. This flour can be used to create a variety of delectable sweet and savory foods, including pastry, cakes, shortbread, sauces, and more.

What distinguishes baking flour from all-purpose flour?

Not all flours are the same. There are several types of flour, including all-purpose, bakers, bread, whole wheat, cake, and even gluten-free flour. Choosing one is best for your recipe is the trick.


Most manufacturers refer to ordinary flour as “all-purpose flour.” When you only want to purchase one type of flour, it is the obvious choice. All-purpose flour, according to King Arthur Flour, is adaptable, sturdy enough for bread and delicate enough for scones and cakes. Less protein in baking flour makes it a good choice for light, tender baked goods.

Can I swap baking flour for all-purpose flour?

This high-gluten flour is a combination of 99.8% hard-wheat flour with a small amount of malt barley added to improve yeast activity and vitamin C or potassium bromate added to increase gluten’s elasticity. It has a protein content of roughly 14 to 16 percent. For yeast breads, which are loaves that use yeast as a leavening agent, it is, in a nutshell, your go-to flour (brioche, croissant, French bread, and sourdough, for example).

Can all-purpose flour be used in place of bread flour, and vice versa? You can substitute 1:1 without a problem. Use 1 cup all-purpose flour in place of 1 cup bread flour, and vice versa (note that bread and pizza crust made with all-purpose flour may have a little less chew than those made with bread flour, but results will still be good). Your breads and pastries will benefit from an additional little lift if you try using bread flour as an all-purpose flour alternative in recipes for yeast doughs that call for all-purpose flour. In our No-Knead Onion Rolls, bread flour can be used in place of all-purpose flour.

Does self-rising flour equate to baking flour?

When a recipe calls for a sort of flour that you are unfamiliar with or don’t have at home, it might be challenging to know what to do. Having all the ingredients prepared but the flour is the last thing you want to happen.

You might discover that some recipes ask for self-rising/raising flour while others call for cake flour. What’s the issue with it? Some recipes may even call for self-rising cake flour, which further adds to the confusion.

Self-rising flour and cake flour are not the same. Cake flour is finely ground flour with little protein, which makes it possible to have a soft and airy texture. Salt and baking powder are added to self-rising flour to aid in its rise. There aren’t any other components in cake flour.

As they won’t produce the same effects on their own, these two varieties of flour shouldn’t be used interchangeably. Cake flour is typically bleached, has a lower protein content, and is finely ground. On the other hand, self-rising flour is relatively comparable to all-purpose flour but has additional additives to aid in rising.

There are workarounds if a recipe calls for either of these types of flour and you don’t have them. You may produce suitable replacements for both of these types of flour (more on this further down).

The best all-purpose flour for baking, which one?

We advise purchasing an all-purpose flour with a moderate quantity of protein, such as Gold Medal Unbleached All-Purpose Flour or Pillsbury Best Unbleached All-Purpose Flour, if you don’t make a lot of bread. They make an excellent addition to recipes for cookies, cakes, or biscuits.

How is regular flour transformed into baker’s flour?

A milled powder called wheat gluten or Vital wheat gluten will raise the protein content of your flour.

Use this flour as needed, making one cup at a time. All-purpose flour only needs to be measured out into a cup.

Take out 4 grams, or 112 teaspoons, of all-purpose flour. Over the all-purpose flour, add 11/2 teaspoons, or 5 grams, of wheat gluten.

There is a difference in grams between wheat gluten and all-purpose flour because wheat gluten is heavier than flour.

Next, sift the wheat gluten and flour together. Repeat the process one more time to ensure that the flour and wheat gluten are distributed equally.

What works best as an all-purpose flour substitute?

One of my favorite ingredients is chickpea flour, which is relatively new to American households. In Indian kitchens, it is also known as garbanzo bean flour or besan. My mother used to purchase chickpea flour in bulk when I was a child and keep it in a bottomless plastic bucket. I’m talking about 25-pound bags. One of the most adaptable flours, my mother uses it in a wide variety of meals, including bread, curries, and even desserts. Two or three times a week, she prepares the traditional Gujurati meal kadhi, which has a foundation of chickpea flour blended with yogurt and water. It contains a lot of fiber, is a fantastic source of protein, and is gluten-free.

Chickpea flour has an infinite amount of binding force, unlike many gluten-free flours. This light yellow flour becomes a thick paste with the addition of salt, a little water, and oil. Unknown fact: To keep the spices adhered to the skin of the chicken, many Indian tandoori recipes ask for a small amount of chickpea flour paste.

What can you use instead of baker’s flour?

If a recipe calls for bread flour and you don’t have any on hand, you can use an equivalent amount of all-purpose flour to avoid going to the store and save some money. Understandably, individuals are frequently cautious to substitute ingredients in baking for fear that the final product won’t be the same, although the variances are rarely radically different. You can be reasonably certain that everything will turn out as it should. Therefore, if you don’t have to, why spend money on a “unique” ingredient?

Is it possible to substitute self-raising flour for all-purpose flour?

Can self-raising flour take the place of regular flour? No and yes. Self-raising flour can be substituted for ordinary flour in recipes that call for baking powder (or another leavening agent). Simply omit the leavening agent when using self-raising flour.

All-purpose flour or self-raising flour?

The two main distinctions between all-purpose flour and self-rising flour are their constituents and intended usage. Compared to all-purpose flour, which just comprises pulverized endosperm, self-rising flour contains all-purpose flour, salt, and baking powder.

When making recipes where the goal is to get an even, consistent crumb, use self-rising flour (and variations like self-rising cornmeal): Consider scones, pancakes, cupcakes, muffins, and traditional Southern dishes like cornbread and buttermilk biscuits. As an alternative, all-purpose flour functions as a thickener and in the majority of baking recipes: Use it as a component of a traditional French roux or incorporate it slurry-style into stews.

Is all-purpose flour self-rising or plain?

The Irish company Odlums produces cream flour, which is plain flour. It is used for home baking to create a variety of pastries and biscuits and contains a little amount of additional raising agents.

Plain flour is not the same as maida, which is refined wheat flour. Maida, a finely ground flour with less protein than all-purpose four, is the same flour that is sold as cake flour in the US. Bread, cakes, chapatis, parathas, and puris are all made using it.

Despite having similar qualities, self-rising flour and all-purpose flour are not the same. For instance, self-rising flour contains all-purpose flour, baking powder, and salt, whereas all-purpose flour merely contains ground endosperm (American version).

Yes, you can prepare the pizza dough with all-purpose flour, but the crust will be crispier. All-purpose flour can be used for a variety of tasks, including creating pizza, as its protein concentration is in the middle of all flour kinds.

Yes, you can swap out bread flour for all-purpose flour. Compared to bread flour, all-purpose flour has a lower protein level. Because of this, the bread won’t rise as much and won’t have the same chewy feel as if you used bread flour.

Yes, you can make pasta using all-purpose flour. Semolina flour and “00” flour are also used to make pasta.

All-purpose flour with a low protein concentration, like White Lily All-Purpose Flour, is one of the best flours to use for making biscuits. Other all-purpose flour varieties with a slightly higher protein and gluten content also work.

Yes, all-purpose flour, often known as plain flour, is ideal for baking cookies. Combine plain and bread flour to give your cookies a little more crunch.

The majority of cornbread recipes call for cornmeal, however some also call for all-purpose flour. The bread becomes less crumbly and more cohesive thanks to the addition of gluten.

What type of flour are used by chefs who bake?

Thank you for visiting Baking and Pastry Arts School Tips! We cover a variety of baking-related topics in these articles to help you eliminate some of the guesswork in the kitchen.

Baking, which involves transforming flour into tasty food, is both an art and a science and includes everything from bread to cookies to cakes. Depending on the type of baked dish, you might require a different sort of flour to make your mouthwatering creations. Flour helps give baked goods structure. Select the appropriate flour for your activity, and you’ll be well on your way to successful baking; select the incorrect flour, and you might be setting yourself up for failure. Knowing the various (and varied) varieties of flour and how to use them is the challenging part. We’ve put together this list of some of the most popular flours and their baking uses to assist you in telling the difference. Look them up!

  • All-Purpose Flour – As the name suggests, this flour works well for almost anything! It is a blend of hard and soft wheat with a protein content of 10-12%. In a yeasted bread, this indicates that the flour is strong enough to maintain its structure, while in a layer cake, it means that the flour is light enough to make crumbs. All-purpose flour ought to be your go-to ingredient whether you’re baking delicate cupcakes or yeasted cinnamon rolls. All-purpose flour is what is meant when “flour” is called for in a recipe. It is the most adaptable of all the flours, albeit not always good for all uses.
  • Bread Flour – Specially created for yeasted baking, bread flour (things like breads and pizza dough). Just under 13% of it is protein, which helps baked breads rise and produce more gluten. It is a highly robust flour that results in chewy crust. Advice: Unbleached all-purpose flour typically works well as a substitute for bread flour.
  • Cake flour: When used in recipes, cake flour produces the lightest cakes with the flakiest texture. It has 6-8% protein and is manufactured from soft wheat that has been coarsely ground. Because there is no gluten present, cakes rise and turn out extremely fluffy. Cakes (of course), biscuits, muffins, and scones are just a few examples of the tender baked foods with high sugar content that cake flour is best suited for.
  • Pastry Flour – Pastry flour has a low gluten level and is also made from soft wheat. Pie dough, biscuits, brownies, tarts, and numerous cookies can all benefit from pastry flour, which has protein levels between cake flour and all-purpose flour (8–9%) and achieves the right balance between flakiness and tenderness.
  • Whole Wheat Flour: This flour is serious business. The entire hard red wheat kernel is ground to create it. It produces a more savory, dense baked item that is deeper in color, rich in wheat taste, and nutty. In recipes, whole-wheat flour is sometimes combined with all-purpose flour to minimize the strong wheat flavor and increase rise. It contains a higher fiber, nutritive, and fat content as well as a higher protein content (about 14%). Try using it in recipes for rustic, hearty breads. Advice: To prevent spoiling, store this flour in the refrigerator.
  • A biscuit maker’s dream, self-rising flour has long been a Southern staple. Salt and baking powder have been added to this softer, 8.5% lower-protein flour. The most tender biscuits, muffins, pancakes, and various cakes can be made with it. Self-rising flour should be used within six months of purchase and should be stored tightly wrapped in its original box. After that time, the baking powder in the flour starts to lose its effectiveness.
  • Oat Flour – Instead of wheat, oats are processed to make oat flour. This flour can be used in a wide range of recipes, but it does come with a warning: because it doesn’t contain gluten, it behaves differently from the other flours on this list. Oat flour must be combined with other flours in order for baked items to rise and hold together when used alone. The most popular uses for it are to make pancakes, cookies, and biscuits. Those who are allergic to gluten can alternatively use oat flour as a suitable replacement (just make sure the oat flour you are using was made from gluten-free oats and it was made in an environment free from gluten).

We made an effort to compile the most popular types of flour, albeit this is not a complete list of all the varieties available. We believe it will give you a better knowledge of the different flours and how they are used. Use your newly acquired knowledge to bake to your heart’s content right away. Have fun baking!

Which flour brand works best for baking cakes?

  • King Arthur Organic Unbleached All-Purpose Flour is the best overall.
  • Gold Medal Unbleached All-Purpose Flour has the best price.
  • Arrowhead Mills Organic Whole Wheat Flour is the best whole wheat.
  • King Arthur Organic White Whole Wheat Flour is the best white flour.
  • Cup4Cup Gluten-Free Wholesome Flour is the best gluten-free option.