How To Make Flour By Hand?

Comparing freshly ground flour to store-bought flours that may have been milled weeks ago, freshly ground flour produces great flavor and superior nutrition in your bread. What if you wish to take advantage of these advantages but are unable to invest $100 to $500 on a lovely new grain mill? Well, if you already have a coffee grinder, you’re good to go! I recently learned that a low-cost coffee grinder can easily transform grain into flour. Just carry out these actions.


Most likely, your kitchen contains one of them already. In that case, don’t be concerned; they are inexpensive. This is the one I use, but there are others that are even less expensive and have higher reviews that would probably work just as well.


Identify the type of flour you want and purchase the proper whole grain to produce it. For instance, wheat berries are required if you wish to manufacture whole wheat flour. You’ll need rye berries if you want rye flour. You can make flour from the majority of whole grains, so feel free to explore! (Another fantastic benefit of making your own flour.) Whole grain berries are frequently offered in bulk and at a lower cost than comparable flour in health food stores (yet another benefit!).


The number of berries you put in will, for the most part, equal the amount of flour you get out. This makes it simple to only mill the amount of flour you need, eliminating the need for surplus that might sit around for a while. If you want a more equal grind, I advise not filling the grinder past halfway.


The amount of time you grind for will determine how coarse your flour is. Your flour will be finer the longer you grind. But there are limits to how fine the coffee grinder can go. One disadvantage of utilizing the coffee grinder is that the finest consistency you can get is a little bit coarser than fine store-bought flour. Sifting flour through a fine mesh sifter and then re-grinding the chunkier pieces that don’t pass through is one method of making flour finer.

Below are grinding times and images of the resulting flour’s coarseness. These pictures were taken with rye berries, but I’ve also had success with wheat.

More than 60 seconds of processing doesn’t yield substantially finer flour. You must sift from here if you want a finer flour.


It’s time to use your freshly ground flour! To get a sense of how it will work, you might want to start small by adding your new flour as a flavor enhancer to a loaf that has fewer than 100% whole grains. When using freshly milled flour in recipes, keep in mind that it can behave very differently from store-bought flour. Because freshly milled flour contains increased vitamin and mineral contents, giving the yeast more to feed on, you’ll probably notice an increase in fermentation activity.

Try creating a 100% whole grain bread with your freshly milled flour if you want a true challenge and to taste the full flavor of it. The flavor ought to be fantastic.

If you have any questions or would want to share a recipe using your own flour, please leave a comment. I’m curious to see what other individuals have made. Best of luck!

Step 2. Pour grain in high-speed blender or food processor.

The ideal homemade flour is produced with a Vitamix blender. The best finely ground flour texture is created in a matter of seconds by its high speed power! If you intend to grind your own grains, I know a Vitamix may be rather expensive, but trust me, it will be well worth the investment in the long run.

The Vitamix has multiple uses, so don’t spend money on a pricey mill that can simply grind grains! Making blended drinks (such a matcha latte or hot chocolate with superfoods), making the ideal thick smoothie bowl, and many other things.

Step 3. Blend on high speed until grains are a flour consistency (about 2 minutes)

The grains should be consistently fine in texture after being processed in a blender, food processor, or coffee grinder. To ensure that all the grains are ground up, you might need to pause your blender and scrape down the edges. Nobody enjoys using ground flour!

How is flour made by hand?

There are a few possibilities if you wish to mill your own flour at home:

  • Make coffee with a burr grinder.
  • Use a food processor, but only if you have one that is quite durable!
  • Utilize a grain mill at home.

Using a Coffee Grinder to Mill Your Own Flour

Use a burr coffee grinder like this one if you want to test some freshly milled flour but don’t want to invest in a flour mill (Amazon link). You might already have one in your kitchen, which makes it the perfect place to experiment with freshly milled flour to decide whether or not you want to use it in your baking.

How to Use a Coffee Grinder to Mill Your Own Flour

Using a coffee grinder to ground some wheat berries is a simple and effective way to experiment with different flours. particularly if your home already has a coffee grinder. the following steps:

  • Step 1Halfway maximum, fill your coffee grinder.
  • Step 2: Pulverize for 30 seconds.
  • Step 3: Check the flour you’ve prepared; if it needs to have a finer texture, grind it for an additional 30 seconds, then another 30, and so on, until you’re satisfied with the texture.

QUICK TIP: You may simply sift out any uneven bits and grind them again.

If you are Using a Coffee Grinder…

Although a coffee grinder will finely crush the wheat berries, be cautious that you will receive…

  • a mixture of larger and smaller flour particles, resulting in an uneven grind.
  • It won’t be finely ground to a powder.
  • Only a tiny quantity of wheat can be ground at once.

A coffee grinder can be used to experiment with grinding wheat, but for the reasons I’ve indicated above, it’s not recommended for everyday use.

If you’re curious about how freshly milled flour will taste in your bread, this is an excellent alternative because it’s far less expensive than buying a flour mill for your kitchen.

Can you Use a Food Processor to Mill Flour?

I wouldn’t advise using a food processor to grind flour on a regular basis because doing so can harm or wear out your food processor over time.

However, I am aware that many individuals have successfully ground wheat into flour using a food processor or blender for years. So the decision to try it out is entirely up to you! Depending on the caliber of your machine, you will most likely obtain outcomes that are comparable to those of the coffee grinder.

QUICK HINT: You may purchase a flour milling attachment for your stand mixer, whether it be a KitchenAid or another brand. If you already have a KitchAid or stand mixer at home, this is a great fantastic economical choice. (To obtain one, click the following link: If you click on that link, you’ll save 5%.)

How was flour made in earlier times?

By pulverizing cereal grains, seeds, or roots, flour is created. It is a component of certain foods, including bread, cakes, and other baked goods.

In certain civilizations, like those of Europe, North America, the Middle East, India, and North Africa, flour is prepared from a variety of grains, whereas in others, like those of

It is most frequently made from wheat, but Mesoamerica in Central America used to make it from ancient corn, and central Europe from rye. Some

Four has been around for a while: Upper Paleolithic flour production dates back to 30,000 years, according to archeological evidence.

in Europe The earliest method of producing flour involved a stone mortar and pestle. The Romans used cone mills to grind seeds to make flour.

combination of two stones, the bottom stone being concave and the top stone being convex. An animal twisted the upper while the lower remained static. Over time

There are numerous flour-grinding devices available today. Before 71 BC, the Greeks used watermills. Between the millstone, which was rotated by the grain,

the bedstone and water-powered mechanism is ground into powder. Wind-powered mills first arose after watermills. With the start of the

Instead of using horizontal stones to grind the flour in the industrial age, mills used steam power and metal or porcelain rollers. That got worse

manufacturing of flour and provided a good with a longer shelf life. White flour was pricey before industrialization and only the wealthy could buy it.

Because roller mills make it more simpler to remove the germ, white flour is now more inexpensive for the underprivileged. The issue is that the bulk of the

Because white bread has become a staple food for the poor, disorders like pellagra and beriberi, which are caused by a deficiency in B vitamins, have started to occur.

significant amount. Flour was fortified with iron, thiamine, and niacin in the 1930s after vitamins and their link to illnesses were established.

Different varieties of flour are currently available:

is just flour that hasn’t been bleached, therefore it’s not the same color as “white” flour.

is a kind of refined flour with whitening agent added. There are four substances that are most frequently used: potassium bromate, benzoyl peroxide, ascorbic acid, and

The flour is offered for sale already combined with artificial leaveners. It is utilized for baking softer, lighter baked goods.

Acorn flour, almond flour, amaranth flour, atta flour, bean flour, and brown rice are some of the products that are available on the market that are created from different sources.

corn (maize) flour, cornstarch, rice flour, hemp flour, cassava flour, chestnut flour, chickpea flour, coconut flour, hempseed flour, maida flour,

Mesquite flour, nut flours, pea flour (or pea meal), peanut flour, potato flour, rice flour, rye flour, sorghum flour, and tapioca flour are some examples of other types of flour.

Can white flour be made at home?

On your grain mill’s finest setting, grind 1 cup of whole grain berries. If you don’t have a grain mill, you can make your own flour at home with a food processor and a cheap coffee grinder.

First-round sifting. Sift the flour by positioning the sieve over a big bowl. You will notice the endosperm in the bowl and the germ and bran still in the sieve after a few minutes. Put the germ and bran in a separate, little bowl.

Two-round sifting. Use the previously sifted flour while re-sifting, rather than fresh flour. Once more, the germ and bran will separate in the sieve. Up until all of the newly ground flour has been sifted twice, place the germ/bran into a different small dish and continue the sifting procedure.

Separate containers should be used for the flour and germ/bran. You can store the flour in the refrigerator or freezer for up to two months, or keep it fresh in the pantry for up to a week. For up to two months, keep the germ/bran in the freezer or refrigerator.

Additional Recipe Tips

Even though you don’t have to, I noticed that doing so gave the flour a consistency closer to all-purpose flour than merely sifting it once. A third sift may be done, but it would depend on your preferences. A pair of sifts performed the job perfectly.

You can still manufacture all-purpose flour using this technique even if your grain mill’s finest setting isn’t extremely fine or if you’re using the coffee grinder/food processor method. You will obtain less all-purpose flour and more germ/bran, but you can go back and re-do the grinding and sifting steps from the beginning if you want to get more out of that first cup.

The procedure described above only calls for one cup of flour, but you are welcome to start with more. Just to make sure I wasn’t preparing more flour than I actually required, I arbitrarily decided on one cup.

The majority of the grain berry’s fat is found in the germ and bran, thus it’s critical to preserve it in the freezer or refrigerator. Except for bread recipes, add the germ/bran to any dish that calls for whole grains. Therefore, making your own granola bars, oats, protein bars, or even small amounts of cookies or muffins is acceptable. The rise of a whole grain bread recipe will be impacted by the additional weight of the germ/bran, thus you should avoid adding to the loaf.

Why Make Your Own All-Purpose Flour

Making all-purpose flour will be too labor-intensive for many of you. You have two jobs, are already pressed for time, or lack the patience to wait for the coffee grinder. I comprehend. But if you have the time, I strongly advise you to at least consider the notion.

The majority of all-purpose flour on store shelves is either heavily chemically treated to make it white or loaded with artificial chemicals to purportedly make it healthier. Certain all-purpose flours include both! We should at least try to avoid these additions and chemicals if at all feasible.

If you’re pressed for time or lack the necessary tools, I advise purchasing all-purpose flour that hasn’t been bleached or enhanced if at all possible. There are other brands available, but I can personally attest to the quality of Bob’s Red Mill and Jovial’s einkorn flour.

How is white flour made?

Only the endosperm, which makes up around 75% of the grain, is used to make white flour. As the name implies, wholemeal or wholegrain flour makes use of the entire grain. And about 85% of the grain is used to make brown flour. For further details on some of the available flour varieties, go here.

This brief movie demonstrates how wheat seeds are converted into flour as well as the necessary equipment found in a contemporary flour mill.