Simple pantry essentials like flour, yeast, baking powder or soda, sugar, butter, and deep-frying oil are used to make doughnuts. Here is a brief list of the components you need to make doughnuts.
Higher-protein bread flour provides the dough a little more flexibility, allowing it to trap more air bubbles and produce the lightest of pastries, which is why yeast-raised doughnuts or doughnuts benefit from it. Cake doughnuts, which don’t require the same amount of gluten development and are more likely to get slightly tough when made with bread flour, work well with all-purpose flour.
Yeast Raised doughnut recipes normally call for active-dry yeast, but you can also use quick yeast in the same amounts if you wish. (Note that while active-dry and instant yeast aren’t generally interchangeable, you can do so in the specific instance of doughnuts.) If you frequently bake, avoid the tiny envelopes, which are pricey and result in more waste, and purchase your yeast in a larger bag in bulk instead. Occasionally, yeast is kept in the baking section, although it is also available in the refrigerator case (usually near the eggs). Whatever brand of yeast you use, keep it chilled to keep it active for up to six months.
Baking Soda as well as Baking Powder Cake doughnuts are leavened or made to rise with baking soda and powder. Baking soda is four times as powerful as baking powder, but because it needs an acid to work, many baking soda recipes also ask for sour cream, buttermilk, or even cocoa powder to help the doughnuts rise.
Sugar Although standard granulated sugar can be used in doughnut recipes, superfine sugar blends more easily with dry ingredients and makes a fantastic glaze substitute. Save the darker sugars, like muscovado or light or dark brown sugar, for baked doughnuts because less processed sugars are more likely to over-brown in fried doughnuts.
Oil, butter, and other fats Doughnuts require a small amount of fat in their dough or batter in addition to any deep-frying oil to guarantee softness. Liquid oils typically perform less well than solid fats like butter, coconut oil, or lard.
Pick oil with a high smoke point, like safflower or peanut oil, when frying doughnuts. Although it has a stronger flavor than other oils, canola oil is an option. Avoid oils with a low smoke point, which will start to burn at higher temperatures, as well as oils that are merely labeled “vegetable oil.”
Save your used cooking oil so you can use it up to five more times. Pour the oil through a strainer lined with paper towels to catch any debris after allowing it to cool completely in the saucepan or deep fryer. Put used oil in a disposable container, like a clean milk carton or the original bottle, and keep it somewhere dark to keep it safe.
When oil has either been used five or more times or has turned dark, it should be discarded. However, you should either pour the cooled oil into a disposable container and throw it away or, better yet, look for oil recycling facilities in your neighborhood.
The few instruments needed to make doughnuts at home may be made without a countertop deep fryer, and most chefs probably already have them. You should have the following items out and prepared before you begin, in addition to the more fundamental kitchen tools, such as a rolling pin for rolling out yeast doughnuts or a slotted spoon for withdrawing doughnuts from the hot oil.
Cooking Scale While not necessary, a kitchen scale makes it incredibly simple to consistently measure flour and sugar time after time. Particularly flour has a tendency to compress when measured in cups, causing extra flour to be added to the dough. A scale also makes doubling or halving a recipe incredibly simple. A kitchen scale is a need if you frequently bake.
Stand Mixer with Dough Hook and Paddle Attachment A stand mixer with a dough hook makes it easier to knead the dough to activate the gluten, yet you can still create cake or elevated doughnuts without one. Additionally, it lessens the possibility of over-flouring the dough, which can result in tough doughnuts. Cake doughnuts can be produced using a hand mixer if a stand mixer is not available, but raised doughnuts are best handled with a wooden spoon and then kneaded by hand.
1/2-inch Circular Tip and Pastry Bag Round-bottomed cake doughnuts are made with a pastry or piping bag fitted with a 1/2-inch circular tip. You can also make ridged crullers by using a tip with a star shape. Your pastry bag was lost. In an emergency, a plastic bag’s clipped corner can be used.
Pancake Cutter Punching out a dozen elevated doughnuts with a doughnut cutter takes only a few seconds. Choose one with a removable center punch for easier cleaning that is constructed of a sturdy metal. If you don’t have a doughnut cutter, cut huge circles with a tiny glass, poke a hole in the center with your finger, and then carefully stretch the hole into a circle that is 11/2 inches in diameter.
Unclothed Towels Using a well-floured non-terry towel to proof raised doughnuts prevents the dough from sticking and expanding when the doughnuts are picked up to be fried. Any non-terry towel will do, although flour sack-style cloths are the most effective.
Large Pot with a Heavy Bottom for Frying While not necessary, a deep fryer can be used to produce doughnuts. Use a heavy-bottomed saucepan with a capacity of around 1 1/2 liters of oil as an alternative. The oil should be about 2 inches deep, and there should be 2 inches between the oil’s surface and the pot’s top. Heavy-duty pots are also necessary; enameled cast-iron Dutch ovens are ideal and excellent at keeping constant oil temperature. Although a deep fryer has the benefit of maintaining a constant oil temperature, you should be aware that it uses nearly twice as much oil as the pot method does.
Cooking Thermometer A deep-fry thermometer, often called a candy thermometer, is crucial for determining and preserving a steady oil temperature. Look for one with a clip for attaching to the edge of the pot and a temperature range of up to 400F. You won’t need a different thermometer if you use a deep fryer.
Donut trays To make traditional round-bottomed pastries, you’ll need to buy a particular doughnut pan if you wish to bake cake doughnuts. Both silicone and metal are suitable materials for doughnut pans. In a pinch, a mini-muffin pan can be used, but the doughnuts won’t have their distinctive circular shape.
a doughnut maker A doughnut maker provides an additional method for baking cake doughnuts at home, while it is by no means necessary. It works like a waffle maker and uses contact heat to cook the entire doughnut, giving the top and bottom the same crusty texture. The finest batters to use with doughnut machines are those made for baking rather than frying.
In what order are donuts made?
I have a slight fixation with doughnuts. When I travel, I look for an artisanal doughnut shop and buy a dozen of their most popular flavors (these are the best doughnut shops in every state). The conventional sugar-glazed yeasted doughnuts taste just as nice as the spongy cake variety, but I also enjoy the unusual flavors like bourbon blueberry or bacon and maple syrup. I’ll take them any which way I can get them.
My life was complete after I learned how to cook doughnuts at home! They’re really so much simpler than I anticipated; the process is basically hands-off, but a little bit of patience is needed.
Yeast or Cake Doughnuts?
Doughnuts come in two varieties: cake and yeast. The sweet dough used to make cake doughnuts, which are my particular favorite, is leavened with baking powder. These doughnuts have a somewhat crunchy surface and a delicate, spongy inside. On the other hand, yeast is used in yeast doughnuts to help the dough rise, making it fluffy and light in the process. They have an airy structure and cook to a golden brown hue.
They both have fantastic flavors, and you can keep things straightforward by dusted with confectioners’ sugar for either variety. You could even get fancy and quickly prepare a vanilla glaze. We advise baking yeast doughnuts if you intend to stuff them with jelly or jam. Otherwise, because they need less time to rise, I always prepare cake doughnuts at home.
How Long Does It Take to Make Doughnuts?
Although making doughnuts doesn’t take a lot of time by hand, both yeast and cake donuts need to rest. The dough needs to double in size for an hour and a half for the yeasted kind. The formed doughnuts must rise one more time for 45 minutes. The two-hour cooling of the dough in the case of cake doughnuts is a crucial step that enables the sugar to absorb the liquid from the other ingredients. You could omit it, but then you wouldn’t get a doughnut that was crispy on the exterior and soft on the inside.
It just takes 2 to 3 minutes to fry each doughnut after your dough is ready. You should not fry more than three or four at once, though you are allowed to. The temperature of the oil will drop if the pan is overcrowded, resulting in greasy, mushy doughnuts.
Are Doughnuts Fried?
Doughnuts are typically fried because it’s the simplest, most reliable way to prepare them. You may even use your Dutch oven instead of buying any expensive equipment! If you decide you’d rather bake your doughnuts, you’ll need to buy a particular pan and pay strict attention to the cooking time. The inside of the doughnuts will be doughy if you undercook them, but they will be dry if you overcook them.
- 2 tablespoons softened unsalted butter
- split 1-1/2 cups of sugar
- 3 eggs
- All-purpose flour, 4 cups
- 1 teaspoon of baking soda
- three teaspoons of cinnamon powder, divided
- 0.5 teaspoons of salt
- a quarter-teaspoon of ground nutmeg
- 2/3/cup of 2% milk
- Use neutral oil for deep-fat frying, such as canola or peanut
Step 1: Cream the butter and sugar
To begin, beat the butter and 1 cup of sugar in a sizable basin for about 5 minutes, or until the mixture is thick and light in color. This step not only thoroughly blends the two components, but it also infuses the dough with air, giving it a later-on lighter, fluffier texture.
Add the eggs one at a time, beating well after each addition, after the butter and sugar have been thoroughly incorporated.
Step 2: Bring the dough together and let it rest
In the meantime, combine the flour, baking powder, salt, nutmeg, and 1 teaspoon of cinnamon in a big basin. Alternately, add the milk and the dry ingredients to the butter mixture while mixing vigorously after each addition. Continue until each component is thoroughly combined. The dough should be covered and chilled for two hours.
Step 3: Cut the doughnuts
The dough should be rolled out into a long, 1/4-inch-thick rectangle after being well floured. Using a 2-1/2-inch doughnut cutter dusted with flour, cut out your doughnut forms. If you don’t have a cutter, you can cut the outer edge with a cup measure and remove the center hole with a pipe tip.
Recommendation: Save the middles! To generate bite-sized doughnut holes, fry them individually.
Step 4: Fry ’em up
Approximately one quart of neutral oil (such as canola or peanut) should be heated to 375 F in an electric deep fryer or Dutch oven. Three or four doughnuts at a time, being careful not to add too many that the oil temperature drops by more than 10 F. The doughnuts should be golden brown on both sides after 3 to 5 minutes of frying, flipping once. Once all of the doughnuts are fried, place them on a baking sheet on a cooling rack to drain.
Doughnuts taste excellent at room temperature, but they’re even better when they’re hot from the grill. While you continue to prepare the remaining dough, keep the doughnuts warm in a 250 F oven.
Step 5: Roll the doughnuts in cinnamon and sugar
As a sweet topping, combine the remaining sugar and cinnamon. Serve warm or at room temperature after rolling the warm doughnuts in the mixture.
Pro tip: Doughnuts can be frozen for up to three months before being dusted with cinnamon sugar. Each doughnut should be separately wrapped in foil before being placed in an airtight freezer bag. Remove the foil from the doughnuts when you’re ready to use them and let them thaw at room temperature. Before serving, roll the cookies in the sugar mixture.
- 2 packs of active dry yeast, each weighing 1/4 ounce.
- 1-cup of hot water (110 to 115 F)
- 114 ml of hot milk (110 to 115 F)
- Canola oil, half a cup
- One sugar cup
- All-purpose flour, 6 cups
- optional extra sugar or confectioners’ sugar
Step 1: Prime the yeast
You should prove the yeast for 5 to 10 minutes if you aren’t using quick variety. Mix warm water and yeast in a sizable basin (110 to 115 F). Keep the mixture aside till it bubbles.
Pro tip: Check your yeast to see if it hasn’t expired if it hasn’t bubbled much after 10 minutes. Throw the mixture out and start over with fresh yeast.
Add the warm milk, oil, sugar, salt, and eggs to the bubbling, aromatic yeast and stir to combine. Add flour, stirring constantly, until a very sticky dough forms. It will take about 45 minutes for the bowl to double in size after being covered with a clean kitchen towel and allowed to rise in a warm location.
Stir the dough to release the air when your timer goes off. After 45 minutes, replace the kitchen towel and allow the mixture continue to increase.
Step 3: Cut the doughnuts and let them rise
The dough should be given a gentle stir before being rolled out onto a floured surface. Make a broad, 1/2-inch-thick rectangle out of the dough. Use a floured 2-1/2-inch doughnut cutter to cut out your doughnut shapes, and then put the doughnuts on a baking sheet that has been buttered. Let the doughnuts rise for 45 minutes with a towel over the baking sheets.
Approximately one quart of neutral oil (such as canola or peanut) should be heated to 375 F in an electric deep fryer or Dutch oven. Three or four doughnuts at a time, being careful not to add too many that the oil temperature drops by more than 10 F. The doughnuts should be golden brown on both sides after 2 to 4 minutes of frying, flipping once.
Once all of the doughnuts are fried, place them on a baking sheet on a cooling rack to drain. If preferred, sprinkle confectioners’ sugar on the baked doughnuts.
Step 5: Glaze away
Even while plain doughnuts are fantastic, a sweet frosting makes them downright enticing. See some of our top glaze recipes below and make your favorite—or all of them! Put the doughnut into the glaze while it’s still warm for a transparent appearance. Need it to be more opaque? Before dipping, let the doughnut cool a little. Feel free to slam dunk twice. Don’t make a decision if you simply can’t! To get the best of both worlds, drizzle a second glaze over doughnuts that have already been dipped.
Doughnuts are best consumed on the same day they are prepared, preferably within an hour or so of removal from the fryer. If they are kept in a container that is tightly sealed, the moisture will encourage the icing’s absorption, resulting in later mushy doughnuts. Try frosting only the doughnuts that will be consumed that day. Any leftovers can be frozen in a plastic freezer bag that seals shut. Doughnuts should be placed on an ungreased baking sheet for reheating. When heated through, cover loosely with foil and heat at 350 for 10-15 minutes. Keep the glaze heated.
Quick Doughnut Glaze Recipes
Making plain cake doughnuts at home is the best since you can dress them up whatever you like. With these simple glazes, frostings, and sweet coatings, making your own ideal at-home assortment is simple.
Pour 6 oz. of chopped semisweet chocolate over 1/2 cup of heavy whipping cream and 2 tablespoons of light corn syrup that have just come to a boil. Whisk the mixture until it is smooth. Add 2 teaspoons of vanilla extract. yields 1 cup.
Prepare the chocolate glaze, then whisk in 2 cups of confectioners’ sugar until smooth for a quick chocolate frosting. Spreadable after 15 minutes of standing. produces 1-3/4 cups.